For some time now, you have been trying your best to eat even your favorite food! Just put a few bites in your mouth to feel full. When you try hard to finish a normal meal, you feel nauseous and about to get up! These may be signs of a superficial infection, but sometimes they can indicate other complications. This inability to fully eat a normal meal or to feel full after eating a few small bites is called premature satiety. This complication can lead to malnutrition in the long run and pose more serious risks. In the following, we will provide you with more information on what early satiety is and why it usually affects some. Stay with us.
What is premature satiety and what are its main symptoms?
To know exactly what premature satiety is, you need to know its two main signs:
- Loss of nausea while trying to eat a meal;
- Inability to eat a normal meal (or feeling prematurely full after eating a few bites).
A normal meal varies from person to person; Factors like what you see below:
- height and weight;
- Number of servings consumed during the day;
- And what you ate before the main meal.
How active you are is another factor that determines the amount of calories you need daily. A person with early satiety will not be able to get the calories they need to stay healthy.
This complication is sometimes not very serious and resolves on its own after a while; Especially if it is not accompanied by other symptoms. However, if it is prolonged, it is not good for health at all, and there are risks such as lack of nutrients, severe hunger, and prolonged wound healing process. Premature satiety sometimes occurs as a result of dangerous and chronic diseases such as cancer, stomach ulcers and diabetes, and is one of the symptoms of these disorders.
Early satiety is more common in women than men.
Now that you have more information about this disease and more or less understood what early satiety is, we can go a little further and talk about its causes.
What are the causes of premature satiety?
Changing posture (for example, from sitting to standing) when eating sometimes helps to relieve early satiety. Of course, if the cause of the conflict is an illness or other discomfort, these simple and careless solutions will usually not help, and it will be necessary to see a doctor and undergo a course of treatment.
In general, anything that interferes with the normal and healthy process of emptying the stomach will make you feel full sooner; For example, an obstruction or ulcer of the intestine is one of the disorders that will have such a consequence. In the following, we will introduce other diseases and disorders that may be the causes of premature satiety.
1. Gastric paralysis
The most common cause of premature satiety is a disorder called gastric paralysis (Gastroparesis). If the stomach is healthy, it contracts by crushing food and sending it into the intestines. The stomach of a person with this disease loses the ability to contract, and as a result, food will accumulate in the stomach.
Diabetes, cancer, Parkinson’s, multiple sclerosis, some infectious diseases, and surgery are some of the possible causes of gastric paralysis. A person with this condition may experience the following symptoms in addition to feeling full early:
- Abdominal pain;
- Loss of appetite.
If these symptoms do not improve after days and weeks, it is important to see a specialist. Dietary changes, eating schedules, and medication are some of the strategies that are on the agenda for treating gastric paralysis.
It is not pleasant at all to think that the presence of a tumor in one of the organs is the cause of early satiety. Unfortunately, this is sometimes the case and he gets this feeling because of cancer. Some cancers can cause premature satiety; For example, when the condition of gastric cancer worsens, the patient will experience symptoms such as severe indigestion, nausea and vomiting, and bloating after eating, in addition to early satiety.
The presence of a tumor in the small intestine also causes the patient to feel full, even though he has not eaten much. Abdominal pain, nausea, weight loss, and intestinal bleeding are other symptoms of this type of cancer. Pancreatic cancer may also cause premature satiety. The pancreas is an organ that helps digest food. Symptoms of a tumor in the pancreas include abdominal pain (which extends to the lower back), loss of appetite, weight loss, and jaundice of the skin and eyes.
3. Irritable bowel syndrome is another cause of premature satiety
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) disrupts bowel function and causes pain in the abdomen. This disease may also be the cause of early satiety. The patient may also experience the following:
- Abdominal cramps.
4. Other possible causes of premature satiety
In addition to the diseases you have read about, the following may be possible causes of early satiety:
- Enlargement of the liver;
- Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD);
- Obstruction of the gastric outlet duct (Following this complication, the passage of food from the stomach to the small intestine is blocked);
- Ulcers (Following this disease, stomach acid destroys part of the lining of the stomach or small intestine and causes ulcers on it);
- Abdominal watering (Ascites): Accumulation of fluid in the abdomen that will cause it to swell.
When is it necessary to see a doctor?
If after a while you feel full immediately after eating a little food and your condition has not improved, be sure to see a doctor; Even if you have no other signs and symptoms. If you experience the following signs and symptoms with early satiety, go to the nearest medical center without delay:
- Abdominal pain;
- Feces black and tarry;
- Vomiting or bloody vomiting.
Early satiety diagnosis
Premature satiety is associated with other symptoms such as bloating or loss of appetite in some of the signs and symptoms. For this reason, special tests will be needed to determine exactly what causes the patient’s health to be affected.
The specialist doctor first reviews the patient’s medical history and prescribes basic tests, such as a blood test. If the signs and symptoms are more severe, it is possible to prescribe any of the following to diagnose the exact cause of the illness and discomfort:
- Stool test: To check for intestinal bleeding;
- Abdominal ultrasound: In this test, the organs of the abdomen are photographed;
- Upper endoscopy: It carefully examines the gastrointestinal tract using a small camera;
- Gastric Emptying Breath Test: At that time, the rate of gastric emptying is measured.
- Swallowing SmartPill: With the help of this test, the speed of food movement in the gastrointestinal tract is measured;
- Upper Gastrointestinal Tests (UGI): In this test, with the help of x-rays, the possibility of developing gastric paralysis is examined;
- Gastric Emptying Scintigraphy: It is an imaging technique used in nuclear medicine to measure the rate at which food is emptied from the stomach into the intestines.
What is the treatment for premature satiety?
Treatment for premature satiety will vary depending on the cause. Your doctor may suggest one or more of the following treatment options:
- Consumption of appetite stimulants;
- Consumption of food in the form of puree and liquids;
- Eat more meals with less volume during the day;
- Reduce fat and fiber intake (these two slow down digestion);
- Taking medications such as metoclopramide, antiemetics, or erythromycin that relieve stomach upset.
If early satiety worsens, one or more of the following treatments may be needed (in some cases, minor surgery is performed):
- Abdominal electrical stimulation: In this method, an electric pulse (pulse) is inserted into the abdomen to control nausea and vomiting;
- Inserting the nasal feeding tube into the stomach: Using this method, a tube is inserted into the nose and through it, a solution containing liquid nutrients is sent to the stomach;
- Intravenous nutrition (Total Parental Nutrition / TPN): In this method, early satiety treatment A thin tube called a catheter is inserted into one of the thoracic arteries, through which a nutrient solution is sent to the stomach;
- Jejunostomy: A jejunostomy is for patients who are in a worse condition. In this procedure, a thin tube is passed through the stomach and inserted into a part of the small intestine called the jejunum. The nutrient solution is then injected directly into this part of the small intestine.
If satiety persists early and is not treated in the long run, there may be risks; Because of that, the nutrients (protein, iron, vitamins, etc.) and calories needed daily do not reach the body. Under these conditions, diseases such as anemia and osteoporosis are likely. Unwanted weight loss, muscle weakness, extreme fatigue, lack of energy, and impaired brain and organ function are other long-term consequences of premature satiety.
So if you have any problems with this complication, try to treat it before the condition gets worse. The most important thing to do to treat this complication is to find out the root cause. Knowing what causes premature satiety can only be done with the help of a specialist and the necessary tests.
what is your opinion? Have you experienced early satiety? Do you know anyone who has this complication? What do you suggest to do to improve the condition of this discomfort? What do you think will make the condition of a patient with premature satiety worse?
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