Cyber bullying is one of the growing social problems that occurs in the Internet space. Research shows that one in five teens is a victim of cyberbullying and 59% of teens have been harassed in cyberspace. Cyberbullying occurs for a variety of reasons, including the appearance of a person, their race, religion, or gender. Some research also suggests that girls are more likely to be victims of cyberbullying than boys. Victims of cyberbullying suffer from many psychological problems. Depression, sleep disorders, and panic attacks are just some of the psychological effects of this phenomenon. Cyberbullying has increased during the Corona epidemic. According to statistics, the rate of cyber bullying has increased by 70% during this period, so we need to know more about this social problem. In this article, we will introduce you to the concept of cyber bullying, its types and ways to deal with it.
What is Cyber Bullying?
Cyberbullying occurs when someone uses the Internet to do one of the following:
- Harass another;
- To threaten someone;
- Shame on someone.
What are the negative effects of cyber bullying?
Young people are often the victims of cyber bullying. Of course, there may be cyberbullying of adults as well. The negative effects of cyber bullying are greater than normal coercion. The most important negative effects of cyber bullying are:
- In cyber bullying, annoying messages reach more audiences.
- Annoying words and images often remain in cyberspace, and even if someone deletes online content, the screenshots may still go hand in hand.
- Victims of cyberbullying often do not know who is harassing them, so they have no way of ending the situation.
- Victims of cyberbullying suffer from a variety of psychological problems. Emotional, physical, psychological and even educational problems are just some of the problems of cyber bullying victims.
- Children who are harassed by cyberbullying also suffer from various physical problems due to the stress caused by this phenomenon. Stomach pain, headache and skin diseases are just some of the illnesses that children get in these conditions.
- Children’s eating and sleeping habits may also be affected by cyberbullying.
- Cyberbullying also affects student grades. Victims who are children or adolescents do not have the necessary focus to study, as this harassment takes up all their time and energy.
- Cyberbullying affects people’s self-esteem and self-esteem. Many children who fall victim to cyberbullying are also excluded from school by classmates or friends. This ultimately isolates these children.
- When a child or adolescent is harassed on social media or online games, they may feel frustrated and may think that the only way out of this psychological torment is suicide.
Types of cyber bullying
Today, children and adolescents spend a lot of time in cyberspace. They do their homework every day using smartphones, tablets and computers, collect material for their class research, and communicate with friends and family.
Sending text messages and using social networks is one of the best ways for children and adolescents to communicate, but like any other social activity, it also creates an opportunity for bullying. Cyberbullying may be direct or indirect. There are many types of virtual coercion. Here are the most common types of cyberbullying.
Harassment of others is one of the most common forms of cyberbullying. Cyber bullies harass their victims in a number of ways, for example:
- On many online platforms, there is a section where you can report inappropriate user behavior. Cyber bullies use this section to harass the victim or remove him from the online environment.
- Texting or email attacks are another way of harassing people. In this method, thousands of text messages or emails are sent to the victim and he is put under psychological pressure.
- Send rude, abusive or offensive comments to the victim on social media and online games.
- Spreading rumors or threatening messages on social networks.
۲. Forgery of identity
Virtual extortionists may impersonate another person and create problems in their life. Identity forgery can take many forms, for example:
- Creating an account with the name and pictures of the victim on social networks and posting inappropriate content from that account.
- Pretending to be a bully and creating a fake relationship with ignorant people and abusing them.
- Hacking the victim’s account on social networks and sending annoying messages to his friends and relatives.
3. Send inappropriate photos or videos
Virtual bullying can also occur by sending inappropriate images. In this type of bullying, the victim’s private photos and videos are provided to the cyber bully. In fact, inappropriate or private images and videos are used to extort money from the victim.
4. Create a website
The bully may launch a website, blog or online poll to harass another. He may use this method to disclose the victim’s confidential information.
Other types of virtual bullying
Cyber bullying is not limited to the types we have mentioned. Other methods may be used for virtual coercion. For example, a hacker may send a virus and malware to the victim’s email and control it. He may even spread rumors on social media, but did not name the victim. In this case, the victim is constantly worried that his name will be revealed.
How to deal with cyber bullying?
Fighting cyberbullying is not easy, but there are a few things you can do to protect your child. To combat cyberbullying, you need to talk to your child about the dangers. You should also teach them how to deal with this social problem. Here are some simple steps you can take to begin the process of preparation for mediation.
1. Use a password
Passwords are the best tool for protecting accounts and electronic devices. Teach your child this and emphasize that he should not share his password with anyone, not even his best friend. The fact is that there is no guarantee that friendships will last forever.
۲. Use privacy tools and settings
It does not matter which social network you belong to. There are privacy tools available on all social networks. Check your child’s accounts with them, for example, make sure they ask permission before tagging in an image.
3. Do not disclose your personal information
Remind your children that in cyberspace, people are not always what they claim to be. If someone’s profile photo is of a teenage girl, there is no reason why they should have the same girl’s profile. Someone may be pretending to collect teen information, so they should never share their address, phone number or email address in cyberspace.
4. Do not share your location with anyone
Almost all smartphones have the ability to share location. Teach your children not to share their location with anyone.
5. Think before you post
Teach your children the etiquette of using social media. Help them learn to always think a little before posting, such as writing offline, and after an hour decide whether or not they want to publish it online.
6. After using public electronics, from Sign out of your accounts
Teach your teens how to use school or library computer systems properly. Remind them to always log out of their accounts at this time, as someone may log in to their account after them and change their password.
7. Do not respond to virtual bullies
The purpose of cyberbullying is to capture your emotions, so it is best not to respond to them. You do not have to explain anything to them or get involved with them. In these cases, it is best to take screenshots of their messages so that you can use it to report extortion.
8. Report cyber bullying
Teach your children to inform you or a trusted person first in such situations. Then follow up with the judiciary and the FATA police.
There are always dangers in cyberspace. Cyber bullying is one of these dangers. Of course, such risks should not cause you to restrict your children. It is better to acquaint them with these issues and teach them ways to deal with them.