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What is coaching and what is the difference between consulting, mentoring and training?

Study guide

What is coaching and what does it mean? Coaching is a process aimed at increasing productivity that focuses on the “here and now” instead of relying on the distant past or future. Coaching can be implemented in a variety of formats and different tasks for the coach. In the worldview of personal development and business productivity, the coach is not just an expert; Rather, his main role is to facilitate the learning process. In this article, we will introduce you to the science of coaching and the benefits of the coaching course, and explain the difference between teaching people the traditional way by helping them learn.

What is coaching and what are its definitions?

If you want to know what coaching means, think of this famous Chinese proverb:

If you want to feed someone a meal, give him a fish; But if you want to feed him for the rest of his life, teach him fishing!

Coaching basically means helping others improve their performance. Exemplary educators believe that each person has their own solution to the problem; But it may take a little help to find that solution:

Coaching is about unleashing the potential of individuals in order to maximize their productivity. The meaning of coaching lies more in its auxiliary aspect than in its educational aspect!

– John Whitemore, from the book “Coaching to Improve Performance”

Definitions of coaching

Coaching has many definitions; But we can sum it up in these terms:

  • Coaching is helping people to change aspirations and move in the right direction;
  • Coaching is a constant support to people and helps them become their ideal personality;
  • Coaching fosters self-awareness, decision-making power and the ability to change.

We use coaching or coaching in the traditional way about sports. Every top athlete must have professional coaches. In recent years, the application of coaching has expanded and is used in various fields, from business to life. In many developed countries today, ordinary people achieve their goals with the help of their coaches, and this is no longer strange and unusual.

A coach, or coach, helps his clients to achieve maximum productivity and desired results in their personal and professional lives. Coaching ensures the best performance, learning and progress in the desired direction. Instructors usually have a lot of expertise and experience in the field considered by customers.

Coaching is based on the belief that people have the solution to their problems.

The coach is not just an expert; Rather, his main effort is to help others develop their potential talents. Coaching focuses on the individual and the contents of his mind. Anyone can be a coach and coaching has no special requirements. Everyone can choose the coaching approach when interacting with others (friends, colleagues, subordinates or even superiors).

The basic skill in coaching is to ask the right questions: questions that help people figure out their main issues.

Internal play and the role of coaching

It is useless to discuss the concept of coaching without mentioning Timothy Galloway and his insights in The Inner Game of Tennis. Galloway’s book has certainly changed our perception of coaching. He claims that the main obstacles to success and prosperity are internal, not external! Based on Galloway’s insight, educators should intervene in people’s mental and internal conversations and help them by diverting their inner whispers! To understand this, think of these negative and critical inner whispers in the minds of tennis players: “It’s not like this! You need to focus more on your hand! “You have to change the angle of your hand!”

The body can control the situation by distorting or distracting negative inner thoughts! It seems that when we suppress negative inner whispers, our body does a good job. For example, Galway asks players to focus on the height of the ball before hitting! This is completely useless; But it silences negative inner whispers and puts the athlete’s ready body in power. With this simple task, athletes will relax and their performance will be strengthened quickly!

Galloway’s main vision was that the practice of this method was not limited to the sport of tennis. He realized that the solution to each person’s problems lay within himself. We can now understand exactly what coaching is: The fundamental aspect of coaching is helping people to turn off disturbing inner noises. In coaching, we allow individuals’ instincts or subconscious to take the helm. To silence these sounds, we sometimes suffocate them in the sperm and sometimes dig into them to find their roots and eradicate the fear they create.

Competency cycle model in learning

What is the difference between training and coaching?

In education, we have an expert tutor who injects his knowledge into the students.

In the teaching process, just like coaching, exemplary teachers use participatory and interactive teaching methods; But the difference is that the distance between teacher knowledge and student is very large and the “correct answer” is always available to teachers!

What is the difference between mentoring and coaching?

Mentoring is very similar to coaching. A mentor is a guide who helps people speed up their learning and progress by helping them.

In leading businesses, people are appointed as mentors. These guides are not part of the company management chain and you can use their insights with ease. These people (mentors) are usually very experienced and have a lot of expertise in business.

The mentoring relationship usually focuses on the future, career advancement, and opening horizons of employees’ insights. In contrast, coaching focuses more on the “here and now” and solving today’s problems.

What is the difference between consulting and coaching?

Counseling is more like a medical intervention.

The focus of counseling is on the past. The counselor tries to help the person overcome past obstacles and issues and move him / her towards the future. The focus of counseling can be on the internal circumstances or external circumstances of individuals.

What is coaching and what is the difference between guidance and counseling?


To understand “what exactly coaching is” you need to reflect on your personal experiences. Think about how your parents encouraged you to take the first steps or how they taught you cycling, reading and writing, or any other skill. Coaching means helping others find solutions to their problems to improve their performance. Coaching is one of the most effective ways to educate people that has a lot of fans in business environments.

It does not matter if you use coaching in sports or in life and business! A good coach believes that the answer to all the questions lies within you. The coach will only help you to flourish and discover your talents so that you do not ask for what you have from a stranger.

At what point in your life do you think you could have made a better decision if a coach had been with you? Now, in what aspect of your life can having a coach be effective? Share your thoughts and experiences with us and others.





What is coaching and what is the difference between consulting, mentoring and training?

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