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What is activated carbon; Know the uses and possible side effects of this powerful detoxifier

Study guide




Charcoal or activated charcoal is a useful powder, odorless and black, and industrial products that are commonly used in emergency centers to treat overdose and poisoning. Activated charcoal, with its ability to absorb toxins, is also used in many pharmaceutical and cosmetic products and is used for things such as lowering cholesterol to whiten teeth. In this article, you will learn more about charcoal, its uses, and its possible side effects. Stay with us until the end of the article.

What is activated carbon?

Charcoal or activated charcoal is an industrial product that is made by heating carbon-rich materials such as wood, peat, coconut shell or sawdust at very high temperatures and should not be confused with burnt pieces of food or charcoal that you use for grilling. . Although both are made from the same base material, grilled charcoal is not produced at high temperatures and its additives are toxic to humans.

In the activation process, the charcoal separates from the previously adsorbed molecules and releases its binding sites. Also, during this process, the pore size of the coal becomes smaller and more holes are made in each molecule, and the overall surface area of ​​the coal increases. For this reason, a tablespoon of activated charcoal is larger than a football field.

Industrial production of charcoal makes it a highly absorbent material. Its pores are negatively charged, which can trap positively charged molecules such as toxins and gases, and prevent them from being absorbed by the stomach. The body does not absorb activated charcoal. As a result, the toxins attached to it are excreted in the feces. Charcot is in the form of tablets and powder, the powder of which must be dissolved in water or non-acidic juices. Excessive water intake can prevent the symptoms of constipation.

Uses of activated charcoal

The use of activated charcoal is only approved for the treatment of abuse and poisoning. However, due to the cleansing properties of the strong poison of activated charcoal, its use is recommended in some cases. Because no definitive and large-scale research has been done to confirm the benefits of charcoal. Many over-the-counter products rely on Charcol-based chemical principles to defend their claims of usefulness.

Here are some uses for charcoal and related documents:

1. Activated charcoal and kidney health

Charculus may help improve kidney function and reduce gastrointestinal damage and inflammation associated with chronic kidney disease by filtering toxins and undissolved drugs. Activated charcoal also appears to be particularly effective in removing urea-derived toxins, which are a major byproduct of protein digestion.

Urea and other excretory products can enter the intestine through the bloodstream and be excreted in the intestine by attaching to activated charcoal through the feces. As a result, urea and other blood excretory products are reduced. Of course, more documents are needed to confirm this.

2. Activated charcoal and treatment of bloating

Activated charcoal powder seems to be able to eliminate bloating. Although it is not yet known how it works, the liquids and gases trapped in the gut can easily pass through the millions of tiny pores in the charcoal, and this process may help neutralize these substances.

In 2012, a study was performed on a small group of people with a history of bloating, and 448 mg three times a day and 672 mg of charcoal in the morning for 2 days before the bowel ultrasound test. The results showed that medical devices could better show some areas of the limbs; Before treatment, these areas were covered with intestinal gas. Symptoms of bloating also improved in 34% of volunteers who used activated charcoal.

Another study in 2017 showed that people who consumed 40 mg of simethicone and 140 mg of activated charcoal 3 times a day for 10 days had a significant reduction in abdominal pain without side effects. Although research in this area is still limited and there are no specific instructions for using charcoal, the European Food Safety Authority recommends using 1 gram of charcoal 30 minutes before and after meals.

3. Charkol for water filter

Activated charcoal has long been used to filter natural water. Activated charcoal absorbs a wide range of toxins, drugs, viruses, bacteria, fungi and chemicals in the water. In commercial environments such as a waste management center, operators often use activated carbon grains as part of the refining process. Also, dozens of products designed to filter water at home use carbon pellets to purify water of toxins and impurities.

A 2015 study found that carbon-treated water treatment systems removed 100 percent of the fluoride in 32 samples of untreated water after six months of installation. However, these devices do not seem to be able to filter out viruses, bacteria, and hard minerals in the water.

4. Activated charcoal to relieve diarrhea

Charculus may be effective in treating diarrhea. A 2017 study found that charcoal may prevent the body from absorbing bacteria and drugs that cause diarrhea. Although activated charcoal is a good treatment for diarrhea, it has few side effects compared to conventional antidiarrheal drugs.

5. Charcot for teeth and oral health

Dozens of toothpaste products contain activated charcoal, and many of these products claim to have the following benefits:

  • Antifungal;
  • Detoxification;
  • Antibacterial;
  • anti Virus.

The absorption properties of charcoal toxin may be important for teeth whitening. However, not enough research has been done to determine the safety and effectiveness of activated charcoal for teeth whitening or oral health.

6. Activated charcoal for the skin

According to researchers, activated charcoal helps absorb fine particles of dirt, dust, chemicals, toxins and bacteria on the surface of the skin and makes them easier to remove. It is also effective in treating pimples and insect bites. However, the existing reports are not credible. On the other hand, traditional medicine practitioners around the world use charcoal in coconut skin to treat soft tissue diseases such as skin infections. Activated charcoal has antibacterial properties by absorbing harmful wound microbes and is used in commercial products.

7. Charcoal as a deodorant or body deodorant

There are several types of charcoal deodorants available. Charculus has probably become an ideal deodorant for armpits, shoes and refrigerators by absorbing odors and harmful gases, and can help patients with trimethylaminuria or fish odor syndrome. People with this disease do not have the enzyme needed to eliminate the bad odor of trimethylamine produced in the body.

Research has shown that consuming 1.5 grams of activated charcoal for 10 days reduces the amount of trimethylamine accumulated in the patient’s body to the normal level in a healthy person. Although the results of this study are reliable, more research is needed in this area. Charcot also absorbs moisture and controls its amount at the micro level.

8. Charcoal to lower cholesterol levels

Activated charcoal may help lower cholesterol; Because it can bind to cholesterol and cholesterol-containing bile acids in the gut and prevent the body from absorbing them.

In a study, daily consumption of 24 grams of charcoal for 4 weeks of total body cholesterol and bad cholesterol or L. January. Reduced LDL by 25%. Also, good cholesterol or etching. January. HDL also increased by 8%. In another study, consuming 1 to 34 grams of charcoal daily reduced total cholesterol and bad cholesterol by 29 to 41 percent in people with high cholesterol. It seems that higher doses of activated charcoal were more effective in this study.

9. Activated charcoal for overdose and poisoning

Consumption of activated charcoal for overdose and poisoning

Drinking activated charcoal helps cleanse the body of toxins and is used in emergency centers to treat overdose and poisoning. Charcoal helps clear the following toxins and medications:

  • Dapsone tablets;
  • Malaria drugs;
  • Sedations;
  • Carbamazepine (Tegretol);
  • Methylxanthine (mild stimulants);
  • Calcium channel blockers;
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and other over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drugs.

If the person is alert and aware, the doctor may give them a drink containing activated charcoal powder and water. Also, if necessary, medical staff can insert charcoal into a person’s nose or mouth through a food tube.

  • How to use charcoal for poisoning

In order for charcoal to function properly, 1 to 4 minutes must have elapsed since the poison or drug was ingested, and if the person has recently taken a poison or drug and has not yet entered the stomach, charcoal cannot work. Research shows that if a single dose of 50 to 100 grams of activated charcoal is consumed within 5 minutes of taking the drug, it can reduce drug absorption by up to 74% in adults.

This effect decreases to 50% after 30 minutes of drug use and to 20% after 3 hours of drug use. Sometimes in rare and special cases of poisoning, following the initial dose of 6 doses of 30 to 50 grams at intervals of 2 to 6 hours is prescribed. Of course, for children, a lower dose of 10 to 25 grams of activated charcoal is used as the initial dose.

  • Warning!

Remember that activated charcoal can not bind to all toxins and drugs, especially corrosive ones, which can be mentioned as follows:

  • Iron;
  • Alcohol;
  • Lithium;
  • Cyanide;
  • potassium;
  • Heavy metals;
  • Alkaline solution;
  • Petroleum products such as kerosene, gasoline, coal, thinner or diluent and some cleaning products.
No one should use activated charcoal to treat overdose or poisoning at home.

Side effects of activated charcoal

Activated charcoal is safe in most cases and its side effects are rare, which can be mentioned as follows:

  • Diarrhea;
  • Vomit;
  • nausea;
  • Blackening of the tongue;
  • Constipation or black stools;
  • In very rare cases, it may be associated with perforation and obstruction of the intestine;
  • You should consult your doctor before consuming activated charcoal food products. Charculus may interfere with the absorption of other drugs such as acetaminophen;
  • Charculus may cause worse symptoms in people with porphyria. Porphyria is a rare genetic disease that affects the skin, intestines and nervous system;
  • In emergencies where charcoal is used to relieve intoxication, and especially when the person is semi-conscious or drowsy, it may enter the lungs instead of the stomach. For this reason, this substance should only be given to alert people.
Do not mix activated charcoal with constipation medications. This can upset the body’s electrolyte balance and lead to other problems.

You say

Although not much research has been done on the properties of charcoal, the use of activated charcoal for skin care, teeth whitening and other things is very popular. how about you? یدHave you ever used Charkol for a particular subject? What was it about and what was your conclusion? If you wish, you can share your experience and opinion with us in the “Post a Comment” section. You can also send this article to your friends through social media to learn more about the properties of activated charcoal.

Warning! This article is for educational purposes only and you need to consult a doctor or specialist to use it. more information

Source

medicalnewstoday

healthline

webmd

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What is activated carbon; Know the uses and possible side effects of this powerful detoxifier

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