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Types of potting soil; Soil suitable for a variety of houseplants and its construction method

Study guide




Have you noticed how beautiful, fresh and fresh some people’s vases look? What is the cause? Do these people have a secret that the others are unaware of? No! Not so. The only thing is that the friends known as Sabzangeshti take care of their pots more than others and are aware of the important factors of flower growth and flourishing. One of these factors is potting soil. That’s why in this article we have talked about the types of potting soil and the best soil for each pot and other points.

Know the types of potting soil

There are three main types of potting soil:

  • Sandy soil;
  • Silt or silt;
  • Clay.

In the following, we want to talk about soil types and their characteristics. Are yo ready? Before introducing soil types, pay attention to this important point:

Soil is defined by the amount of sand, silt, or loam in it. The amount of each of these that makes up the soil texture and soil texture also affects the drainage capacity and nutrients in the soil.

1. Sandy soil

Sand is the bulk of the soil and does not contain nutrients. Sandy soil is easier to use than clay. Drainage in this soil is fast and its ability to retain nutrients is not very high. These plants grow well in sandy soils:

  • Beautiful rye flowers: This flower is a drought tolerant plant and grows in soils such as sandy soils with near neutral pH.
  • Yucca leaf spoon: Sandy soil is more suitable for this plant and soil salinity does not bother it.
  • Brush: This plant is perennial or perennial, meaning it has a lifespan of more than two years. Thistle is drought tolerant and grows well in less fertile sandy soils.
  • Butterfly grass: This flower attracts butterflies to itself and dry sandy soils without nutrients are suitable for it.

۲. Silt or silt

Silt soil is powdery and fertile. Of course, if a large part of the soil of a land is of this type, it will be possible to saturate it with water. The following plants are suitable for silt soil:

  • Grass: This plant grows well in moist soils.
  • Swamp lily: This plant adapts to the environment and grows well in places such as around garden ponds or along streams.
  • Japanese blue lily: This flower loves water, so it grows well around ponds and humid environments.

3. Clay

Clay has components that stick together to form larger masses. This soil is very fertile, but the soil in the pot, which is a large part of the top, becomes heavy and does not have good drainage. Of course, there are plants that grow well in such soil, such as:

  • Taranja mint: Some species of this plant grow well in clay. Some types also prefer sandy or loamy soils to clay, so pay attention to their type before buying soil for these flowers.
  • Mountain Star: This flower grows in a variety of soils, including clay and loam. For good growth, it needs well-drained soil.
  • Golden grass: This wild flower also grows in different types of soil, including clay.

What is the best soil for pots?

The best soil for pots is a mixture of clay, sand and silt. To this combination لوم Called. Loam contains all the main types of potting soil.

Loam soil is a balanced mixture of three main types of soil, namely sand, silt and clay. So why is this soil suitable for planting flowers and plants?

  • High pH: The best pH for numerical soils is in the range of 6 to 7. Soil pH affects plant growth. This spectrum of acidity allows nutrients to grow well for plants, organisms, and other beneficial soil compounds, such as beneficial worms.
  • High in calcium: Plants need calcium to grow properly. Calcium balances the chemicals in the potting soil. Also, having the right amount of calcium helps the soil retain water better. Calcium-rich soil helps water and oxygen reach the roots and reduces the amount of salt in the potting soil. Too much salt destroys the roots and prevents the plant from growing well by blocking the absorption of nutrients.
  • Sand texture: Dry loam soil is soft but sandy and easily crushed. This feature causes optimal drainage. The texture of such soil also allows for the storage of water and nutrients, so the plant will have good moisture and nutrients. The texture of the soil is such that it allows oxygen to circulate easily and reach the roots.

To improve the condition of the pots, you often need to add a little compost to their soil. The amount of sand and peat that is added to the soil of each pot also depends on the density of the soil. If you do not know what Pythagoras are, we must say that the carcass is a kind of moss that plays the role of fertilizer in pots and makes them grow better. Remember that the best soil for the pot will vary depending on the type and growing conditions. Sometimes the plant may need home or industrial fertilizer.

What are the other suitable materials for potting soil?

To find out what soil composition is right for your pots, you need to be familiar with other materials. What materials? I have said the following.

1. Pit

Peat is an organic mineral obtained from decomposed plants in swamps. A large part of peat is sphagnum moss. Also called Pete Pitmas. Peat is used in the soil composition of most pots, as it retains moisture well without wetting and saturating the soil. This material is light and does not compress easily.

۲. compost

Compost acts as a nutrient for potting soil and can reduce air gaps in the soil. This material should not be used too much in pots. It should be only one-third of the compost pot soil.

3. The bark of the tree trunk

The bark of a tree that has been milled and to some extent composted (a combination of bark with soil) is also used instead of pittamas for pots. This compound is cheaper than peat and helps air to flow into the soil. Of course, it dries faster than peat and needs more irrigation.

4. Coconut fiber

Coconut fiber is also a fibrous substance obtained from the coconut shell. Coconut fibers are sometimes used instead of peat. The similarity of these fibers to peat is the ability to retain water without wetting the soil.

5. Vermiculite

Vermiculite is also a substance obtained by heating mica particles. It is gray in color and has a spongy texture that helps retain water in the potting soil. Vermiculite retains nutrients and carries them to the plant roots for a longer period of time.

6. Perlite

Perlite is a white volcanic rock that weighs little and allows drainage and aeration to the soil in pots.

What should the potting soil look like?

Pot soil quality

The choice of the best soil depends on the type of flower bulb, seed and planting medium. Onions For example, most flowers grow in loamy and sandy soils.

  • The combination of loam and sandy soil has excellent drainage and prevents flower seeds from rotting. In such soils, the root of the plant grows easily.
  • The soil texture of the pot is best when you plant the flowers and plants in pots or flower boxes.
  • For garden flowers, it is best to use compost, peat, and topsoil or topsoil when preparing the garden. The ratio of the combination of these three must also be equal.

What is the best soil for growing vegetables?

The best soil for growing vegetables depends on the type of garden you have. For example, if your garden has a prominent bed and the planting area is more than one meter from the ground, using compost and topsoil would be a good idea. The ratio of the two must be equal.

If you grow vegetables in the field, you should look for well-drained soil. If the farm soil is clay, improvements are needed to ensure good drainage. To modify the clay, it is combined with shale, vermiculite or gypsum.

Learning to make apartment potting soil

Do you go to your garden soil for potting soil? Do not be upset, but this is not a good idea. Why? Because garden soil contains bacteria that are harmful to indoor pots. Here are two good choices for indoor potting soil.

1. Sterilize garden soil

If you plan to use garden soil for indoor pots, you must first sterilize it. This helps to kill insects, soil weeds and diseases. Pour the garden soil on parchment paper and bake it in the oven at 180 degrees for 30 minutes. This beneficial and bactericidal action makes it smell a little, but it’s worth it.

After this step, mix the soil with sand and peat soil. This will give you soil that is both moist and provides adequate oxygen circulation and drainage.

Soil for potting plants contains vermiculite and pithomass. There is also a little fertilizer in them. Such soil contains nutrients and retains moisture. It is also useful for air circulation and keeping the roots healthy.

۲. Make the soil composition yourself

You can make the right combination yourself. This will allow you to determine the quality of the soil. We have written the tutorial for making potting soil in the following:

  • 380 liters of Pythagoras soil;
  • 380 liters of perlite soil;
  • 4.5 kg of bone powder;
  • 2.25 kg of blood powder;
  • 2. 25 kg of limestone.

Combine all the above ingredients well and pour into an airtight container or pot.

Suitable soil for some lovely and famous plants

Petus pot soil

In this section, we want to talk about the soil of pots of some famous plants that are very popular among plant lovers and fans of flower keeping. What soil is suitable for these lovely greens?

Cactus pot soil

Caring for a cactus is not an easy task. Cacti do not thrive in moderate water, so you should not use soil that is saturated with water. Too much water in cactus soil spoils it. Materials such as Pythagoras and perlite are suitable for this plant, because in addition to retaining moisture, they also prevent the accumulation of excess water in the potting soil. The combination of sandy soil, peat and perlite is suitable for cacti.

Censoria and Petos pot soil

To plant and maintain houseplants such as petunia and censoria, you should consider adding fertilizer to the potting soil. The use of compost is also useful in potting soil. Add pittamas to the soil mixture. Your soil composition should allow the roots of the plant to breathe and retain water well.

A few tips for choosing the right soil for pots

There are several ways to improve the condition of your flowers and plants. The good news is that most of these methods are simple:

  • Before using the handle, test some of the soil of your choice. See how the drainage, nutrients and air circulation are in it.
  • Do not forget to add organic matter to the soil. This will help the flowers and plants to grow better. For example, add the right amount of compost to the soil in your pots.
  • Control soil pH. If the soil becomes too acidic, your flowers will be damaged. Adding organic matter can adjust the pH of the soil.
  • Avoid compacting and crushing potting soil. This will prevent the roots of the plants from growing well.
  • Do not move the soil too much with a shovel and stop digging too much and playing with it. Otherwise, problems such as water saturation will occur.

at the end

To have beautiful and fresh pots, you need to learn how to care for them. Familiarity with suitable soil is one of the most important parts of having beautiful and healthy flowers and plants. Did you use the above information? Do you have any advice or do you know a way to share it with us?

Other sources: thespruce.com And nymag.com

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petersoncompanies

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Types of potting soil; Soil suitable for a variety of houseplants and its construction method

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