Rapid and shallow breathing is called tachypnea and occurs when the number of breaths per minute is more than normal. This number is more than 20 beats per minute in adults and more in children. Why does tachypnea occur and what is the treatment for it? Follow us to the end of the article to answer these questions.
What is Taki Penne?
The usual rate of respiration in adults is 12 to 20 breaths per minute. Rapid breathing can be caused by a variety of reasons such as anxiety, asthma, lung infection or heart disease. This upsets the gas balance of the respiratory system, reduces oxygen and increases carbon dioxide in the body. Accumulation of carbon dioxide acidifies the blood. As a result, the brain sends messages to the respiratory system to restore the acid-base balance of the blood to normal by increasing the rate of respiration.
Rapid breathing is sometimes called hyperventilation, but hyperventilation is fast, deep breathing, not rapid, shallow breathing called tachypnea. In such cases, see a doctor immediately for treatment and avoid side effects.
What causes tachypnea?
Diseases and underlying conditions such as infection and asthma can cause tachypnea. On the other hand, tachypnea can also occur as a result of suffocation or blood clots. In the following, we will examine the different causes of Taki Penne.
Physical factors of tachypnea
Tachypnea is not always due to chronic medical conditions, and physical factors can also cause a few examples.
When suffocating, an object closes the airway incompletely or completely, and if a person can breathe, his breathing will not be comfortable or relaxed. In case of suffocation, immediate medical measures are required.
۲. Anxiety attacks
Although anxiety is often considered a mere mental disorder, it can also have physical symptoms. Anxiety attack is a physical response to fear or excitement during which a person may experience rapid breathing or shortness of breath.
3. Intense physical activity
During strenuous physical activity, such as exercise or strenuous sex, the body consumes more oxygen and produces more carbon dioxide. As a result, you may be breathing 3 to 4 times faster than usual.
Exercise is a classic example of hyperpnea. Hyperpnea is an appropriate respiratory response to an increase in carbon dioxide production in the body. In such cases, tachypnea and hyperpnea are considered a useful and appropriate reaction instead of a symptom. In this way, your body meets its oxygen needs and gets rid of carbon dioxide.
In this case, tachypnea acts as a compensatory reaction to lower body temperature.
Diseases causing tachypnea
Some underlying conditions can cause rapid, shallow breathing, which is a sign of serious illness.
1. Transient neonatal tachycardia or TTN
It is a special disease of newborns. Babies with the disease breathe more than 60 beats per minute for several days after birth. Other symptoms include:
- Snoring when the baby is breathing;
- Opening the nostrils or pushing the head back to breathe;
- Stretch the skin on the ribs and under the chest with each breath.
Newborns who are born prematurely are more likely to develop transient tachypnea. However, any baby can get tachypnea. The fetus does not use its lungs and receives oxygen from the umbilical cord. That is why the fetal lungs are full of fluid. During delivery, these fluids are absorbed by the baby’s lungs, but delays in the discharge of fluids by the baby’s lungs can cause transient tachypnea. The following factors may also play a role in the development of transient neonatal tachypnea:
- Maternal asthma;
- Gestational Diabetes;
- Delivery before 39 weeks;
- Cesarean delivery;
- High or low gestational age;
- Parental suffocation or loss of blood and gases transmitted to the baby at birth.
TTN is usually a benign condition, and the initial symptoms go away after 12 to 24 hours without treatment, but in severe cases may last up to 72 hours. Therefore, if the symptoms become more severe or do not go away, the doctor may transfer the baby to special devices and check the oxygen status and treat the baby. The doctor can also diagnose the disease using chest x-rays, pulse oximetry, and blood tests, during which the baby’s heart rate, respiration, and oxygen level are checked.
۲. Allergic reaction
Sensitivity to certain stimuli can lead to physical reactions such as tachypnea.
Infections such as pneumonia or bronchitis, which affect the lungs, can affect breathing and cause faster and shallower breathing. For example, children one year and older with bronchitis may have 40 breaths per minute. If these infections get worse, the lungs will fill with fluid and make deep breathing difficult. They can also be fatal if left untreated.
4. Heart problems
Myocardial infarction, congenital heart failure, abnormal heart valve and defective heart structure can cause tachypnea.
5. Respiratory problems
Breathing becomes less effective if structural damage, inflammation, and infection affect lung function. This condition can become acute or chronic and can cause the following respiratory illnesses:
- Pulmonary emphysema;
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease;
- Lateral effusion or pleural effusion;
- Carbon monoxide poisoning.
6. Rot or sepsis
It is a widespread infection of the body that can be fatal. The disease is usually caused by an extreme reaction to an infection. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, lung infection is a major cause of sepsis and tachypnea is one of its symptoms.
7. Diabetic ketoacidosis
This serious condition occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin. As a result, acids called ketones accumulate in the body. Diabetic ketoacidosis usually results in rapid respiration, including hyperpnea and hyperventilation, to neutralize accumulated acids. If the body can not compensate for this increased breathing pattern, it may become tired and this can cause respiratory distress.
Symptoms of tachypnea
The main characteristic of tachypnea is rapid and shallow breathing. Other symptoms of tachypnea include:
- Shortness of breath;
- Bruising of fingertips and lips if blood oxygen is reduced;
- Chest dip and rise as much as you breathe and try harder to breathe.
The difference between tachypnea and dyspnea (shortness of breath)
- Taki Penne: Tachypnea is a medical condition in which a person breathes rapidly and shallowly and has nothing to do with the person feeling.
- Dispen: Feeling short of breath. Some people with tachypnea develop shortness of breath and some do not.
Complications of tachypnea
Untreated tachypnea can have the following side effects:
- Heart failure;
- Limb dysfunction in cases of sepsis;
- A state of anxiety such as anxiety disorder.
Time to see a doctor
Rapid and shallow breathing is always a medical emergency that you should deal with with the first experience. Call the emergency number (115) in the following cases:
- Lightness of head;
- Chest pain;
- Rapid breathing that gets worse;
- Bruising of the skin, nails, lips or gums;
- Chest sinking when breathing.
Diagnosis of tachypnea
Your doctor’s first step may be quick treatment to make it easier for you to breathe deeply. This treatment can include the use of an oxygen mask. Your doctor may then listen to your heart and lungs after asking about your medical history and measure your oxygen level with a small device or a blood sample.
Your doctor may also order an X-ray or CT scan to check the condition of your lungs.
Treatment of tachypnea
Treatment options depend on the cause of the disease, some of which we will discuss below.
1. Treatment of tachypnea due to lung infection
Effective treatment for infection includes the following:
- Prescribing an inhaler such as albuterol that relieves symptoms and opens the airway;
- Prescribe antibiotics to help clear the bacterial infection.
Antibiotics are not suitable for certain infections such as viruses. In these cases, respiratory therapies are used that open the airway and have a supportive role.
۲. Treatment of tachypnea caused by chronic diseases
There is no cure for chronic diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, but rapid and shallow breathing can be reduced. Treatment of these diseases includes the following:
- Prescription drugs;
- Oxygen capsules in severe cases.
3. Treatment of tachypnea caused by anxiety disorders
If rapid, shallow breathing is a sign of an anxiety attack, your doctor may prescribe a combination of speech therapy and anti-anxiety medication. These drugs are:
Prevention of tachypnea
How to prevent tachypnea depends on the cause of the disease. For example, if asthma is the cause, one should avoid stimulants such as smoking and pollution.
To improve the situation, the following can be observed:
- Getting help from the diaphragm for slow, deep breathing and giving enough time for a full exhale;
- Inhale air through the nose and exhale through the mouth.
You also need to know the underlying causes and prevent them from occurring. Recognizing and eliminating the underlying causes prevents the situation from getting worse and recurring.
Given the points made in this article, have you ever had tachypnea? What did you do to cure it? If you wish, you can write your experience and opinion in the comments section and share this article with your friends through social networks.