By practicing lecturing, we have the opportunity to apply our knowledge and perform the various parts of the lecture, and thus find out what works effectively, and then put all the different parts together into a complete lecture. In the following, we will talk about the importance of practicing speech and how to do it.
The importance of practice for lecturing
Practicing requires Praxis. Praxis refers to the process of applying theoretical knowledge by creating a continuous cycle of conceptualizing the meaning of what we have learned through experience. In other words, praxis is the process by which a theory, lesson, skill or practice is implemented or embodied or realized. Praxis also refers to the process of applying, realizing and implementing ideas.
For a successful speech, you need to think about giving a speech, gathering information, organizing the various parts of the speech, and choosing a way to give the talk. By practicing, you will learn before the keynote speech which methods and ideas are effective and which are ineffective.
Practice through analysis and comparison
During the training period, you should divide your training into sections or skills for analysis. You have to work with smaller domains and then put all the segments together in the merging step. You can learn tips by practicing different ways of expressing ideas, and in this way, choose the best method. Likewise, you can practice the best speech delivery styles (such as speaking faster or slower). To learn the tips in your talk, you can record your exercises and then review them, or ask a trusted instructor or friend to watch and comment on your exercises.
It is true that with a lot of practice you can reach perfection; But before you try to reach perfection, you have to try different methods and find out exactly what you want.
Exercise as a simulated experience
Just like participants in important ceremonies such as the Nobel or Oscar ceremonies, you can practice before the actual speech on stage. If your exercises are like a simulated experience, you can learn a lot from it. As you practice, you should simulate the actual speaking experience to find out what to expect. You can practice with the equipment or visual tools used in your speech; Check if you can set the time well. You can also practice answering Q&A sessions. With these exercises, you will finally be confident in your ability to speak in real life.
To practice effectively, the speaker must:
- Start training early to have enough time to test, review, correct, and retry during training;
- Have a way to get feedback. For example, record your workout and then watch it, analyze your performance, or ask a friend or coach to comment on your performance;
- Do not forget that practice alone is not enough, and if you continue to practice inefficient methods, you will not succeed. Therefore, he should try different methods and learn from his experiences to improve the quality of his speech.
Successful Practice Habits: Avoid imitation, timing, and context
Get in the habit of rehearsing all parts of the talk before giving the talk and correcting any bugs as needed.
Practice all the sections in place
Practice is an opportunity to test, perform, and shape your speech. Once you are satisfied with your speech and conclude that your speech has the ability to convey your message to the audience, you can practice by putting all the sections in place and creating your own style and approach.
In a speech, you should rely on your own idea and hypothesis to express and deliver the desired message. Imitation allows you to recreate a character and discourse invented by someone else. You should never be an imitator wearing a mask. If you imitate the behavior of other speakers, your speech will not be normal. You should not act on stage like actors; Instead, you should talk to your audience in your own way.
But if you want to imitate someone, do a natural dialogue and imitate. You are yourself; Not an actor playing a role on stage. You need to focus on presenting your natural speech style.
You need to consider the basics of scheduling; Principles such as when you need to deliver a speech; How to set the time to use visual tools such as PowerPoint slides and the speed with which you deliver a speech.
Basic principles of scheduling
In general, you have a set time for the talk, which sometimes includes a question-and-answer session. As you practice, you should include all parts of the speech, such as quotes, examples, video clips, and visual aids. If you do not consider all aspects of your speech while practicing, you may run out of time in real speech and may have to cut short important points.
When working with PowerPoint, you can pre-schedule the time you need to show each slide to your audience; So that each slide is displayed at the right time and when you are talking about it. In this case, scheduling the transition from one slide to the next will be done according to your schedule and you do not have to be close to the computer to control the slide show. But you should speak in accordance with the time allotted for each slide; Otherwise, the slideshow will not match what you said.
Scheduling is not just about knowing how long you need to talk, it is also about how fast you speak, how long you pause, and how long you pause to achieve the desired effect. While practicing, you can change the speed of speaking and using pauses and see different verbal effects.
The context includes not only the physical environment but also the situational context and technology. In general, the context includes the whole world and the cultural and linguistic background of the audience and the speaker.
Physical or environmental context
Ideally, you should practice in the same space and with the same equipment that you will use in your actual speech. If you practice in the same space, you will learn to take advantage of the special features of that hall and field.
You also need to use the equipment available for lectures when practicing. What equipment will be available at the lecture venue? Do you need to speak directly to the audience or will you use an audio system? Are the audience present at the venue and do you have to talk to them face to face or about the equipment? Teleconference Will you benefit?
You need to consider all the background issues related to the venue, venue or occasion of the lecture. You need to pay attention to the importance of the venue for you or your audience. For example, has anyone else been speaking at the same place recently? Will his speech affect how the audience reacts to your speech?
Tips for speakers
- Speak in a conversational manner and do not speak from a higher position to your audience; Act as if you are engaging in an honest conversation with your audience.
- Practice exactly as you intend to deliver your talk, and if possible, practice in the same place.
- Be prepared for breaks and possible questions. Speak fluently. Make time for a Q&A session at the end of the talk.
- Practice with the visual tools used in the speech and align them with your speech. Show them only when you want to talk about them.
- Measure the time of each part of the speech as well as the whole of it using a stopwatch and be sure to have a watch with you during the speech so that you can look at it during the speech.
- Record your speech and listen to it after practice, and also benefit from the feedback of your friends or coach.
- During the final exercise, write short notes for yourself to know how long each part of the talk will take. Then mark the fate of your speech accordingly so that whenever you spend a lot of time during the speech for one of the sections, you will understand and work towards compensation.
Do you have public speaking experience? Is the experience limited or part of your work and is it constantly repeated? How do you prepare for a talk? How effective is the rehearsal before the main talk? Tell us about your experiences.