Have you ever seen someone constantly worry about your appearance and how it looks and ask you questions? Some people consider themselves ugly. These worries and self-perceptions may be a sign of a mental disorder; A disorder that experts call autism. In this article, we will talk about the disorder, its roots, symptoms, and ways to treat it.
What is autism disorder?
Self-deprecating disorder is a mental disorder in which a person engages in fake or real but minor defects in their body. This preoccupation makes one feel ugly and avoids being in the community or resorting to unnecessary plastic surgery.
What are the similarities between selfishness and other disorders?
This disorder is similar to anorexia nervosa and obsessive-compulsive disorder. In anorexia nervosa, the person is constantly worried that eating will cause them to gain weight or lose their body size. In fact, both of these disorders cause concern about body image. The difference between the two disorders is that in anorexia nervosa, the person is concerned about weight and overall body shape; But in another, the person is concerned about the appearance of one or more distinct limbs.
In the practice of obsessive-compulsive disorder, various fears and worries occupy the mind and the person has no control over these thoughts. The stress and anxiety caused by these thoughts force the person to do things to reduce or control these thoughts. Here is the similarity between this disorder and selfishness disorder. A person with autism disorder is forced to do things because of anxiety; Things like constantly examining your body in front of a mirror and touching your body parts.
Which organs are most affected by autism?
Self-esteem is a chronic disorder that is observed in both sexes, and usually begins in adolescence and early adulthood. The parts of the body that are most affected by this disorder include the following:
- Facial organs (especially nose);
- Hair condition (hairstyle, short or thick);
- Body weight (concern about body weight or the appearance of specific muscles);
- Skin blemishes (such as acne, pimples, blemishes, sores, and wrinkles).
Signs and symptoms of self-esteem disorder
Some of the signs and symptoms that a person with this disorder shows are:
- Upset, worry, constant stress about appearance;
- Frequent touching and measuring of an organ that is considered defective;
- Frequent visits to plastic surgeons or dermatologists for cosmetics;
- Constant questioning of those around you about the concealment or invisibility of an organ that is considered defective;
- Reluctance to attend public gatherings or to become anxious when exposed to others;
- Putting flaws on your body and paying close attention to things that others consider minor or ignore at all;
- Behavioral and communication problems at work, at school, or in social relationships (because their thinking is constantly flawed);
- Having misconceptions about one’s appearance and not accepting the views of others when they are called beautiful or flawless;
- Repetitive behaviors such as looking in the mirror, peeling off the skin, and trying to hide what they think is wrong.
What factors lead to autism disorder?
The root cause of autism is still unclear. However, different theories have been put forward about the origins of this disorder. One theory considers that the cause of this disorder is the size and function of the parts of the brain that are responsible for processing data related to the appearance of the body. The fact that autism is often seen in people with other mental disorders, such as major depression or anxiety disorders, is evidence of the physiological roots of the disorder.
Another factor that may be related to this disorder is the influence of genes. People who have had the disorder in their family are more likely to get it. Low levels of the hormone serotonin are also not ineffective in developing this disorder.
Other factors that may cause or exacerbate this disorder include:
- Weak self-esteem;
- Experiencing trauma and emotional stress in childhood;
- Social pressure due to beauty-related stereotypes in society;
- Parents or bystanders who ridiculed the appearance of a child.
Diagnosis of selfishness disorder
Identifying sufferers is not an easy task because of the embarrassment and shame that surrounds patients with the disorder. Experts acknowledge that some people with the disorder are never identified. People with this disorder are often ashamed to express their concerns. This causes them to be involved for years or never to be identified. However, one of the symptoms that helps to identify these people are patients who constantly go to plastic surgeons or cosmetologists.
To diagnose this disorder, doctors will most likely go to the patient for a history or medical examination to see if there is really a limb defect that is of great concern to the patient or if it is a fabrication of the mind. If the doctor suspects the disorder, he or she will refer the patient to a psychologist or psychiatrist. The psychoanalyst or psychiatrist also diagnoses the disorder by observing the person’s symptoms, behavior, and attitudes.
Treatment of selfishness disorder
Treating this disorder most likely requires a combination of these two approaches:
This approach focuses on correcting the patient’s mindset. There are two ways to correct a patient’s attitudes about his body: one with cognitive therapy (which mostly involves talking about the patient’s attitudes toward his appearance) and one with behavioral therapy.
Some antidepressants (such as serotonin reuptake inhibitors) have positive results in treating this disorder. Also, some antipsychotic medications (e.g. Olanzapine، Pimozide And Aripiprazole) Have also been used in the treatment of this disease, either individually or in combination with several drugs. However, no specific medication has been offered for this disorder to date.
The role of the family in improving this disorder
The emotional support of the family of a patient with autism plays an important role in the recovery process. Familiarization of families with this disorder on the one hand helps to diagnose this disorder earlier and on the other hand, their support to the patient reduces the symptoms and severity of this disorder.
Does autism lead to more serious illnesses?
In some cases, this disorder can cause serious problems for the patient in severe conditions; For example, a person may be reluctant to leave home, which could damage their job or education. People with this disorder also have a higher risk of developing major depression and suicide.
What if we have this disorder?
If you think you have the disorder, do the following before issuing a final judgment:
- Consult your family or doctor;
- Find a psychologist or psychiatrist through your doctor;
- Help your psychologist or psychiatrist find out if you really have the disorder;
- If so, remember your appointments and do not miss them. Treatment of this disorder is time consuming;
- Be honest and transparent with your therapist. If you feel depressed, let her know;
- Let trusted people support you. You do not have to bear the burden of treatment alone.
Is It Possible To Prevent Selfishness?
Unfortunately, there is no known way to prevent this disorder. However, early detection and rapid initiation of treatment after a definitive diagnosis can prevent many subsequent complications. Also, educating and encouraging adolescents in the family and school to improve their thinking about body and beauty stereotypes has a positive role in improving the symptoms of those people who are exposed to this disorder.
Have you or those around you experienced this disorder? Share your thoughts with us and other audiences.