Lecturing in non-academic settings also requires audience recognition, adequate preparation, appropriate structure, and attention to the appropriateness of the lecture. The two types of lectures that take place in non-academic settings are entertaining lectures and persuasive lectures. Learn practical tips for lecturing in the real world outside of campus.
Two types of lectures that take place in non-academic settings. Entertaining speeches are given at parties, weddings or other social events. Convincing speeches are also part of political campaigns or charity events.
Some places you might be invited to give a non-academic lecture are:
- Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs)
- Campaigns or political events
- Charity events or special fundraising programs
- Speech when receiving an award
- Party or banquet
- Conference dinner or lunch
- Speech at the funeral
- Informative speech
Practical tips in entertaining lectures
Many people mistakenly think that they can speak in a fun speech by telling a few jokes or funny stories improvised and unprepared. But in most cases, their speech becomes boring instead of entertaining. Therefore, you must prepare yourself before the speech. Some questions to consider before giving a fun talk are:
- Are the things you want to say appropriate for that ceremony?
- What do you know about your audience? Will they respond well to what you say in your speech?
رانی Is your speech too short or too long? (For example, lectures in honor of a person or a subject should usually not last more than a few minutes).
Practical tips in persuasive lectures
In a political setting or fundraising event, a persuasive speech can be used to change the audience’s attitude or beliefs about a particular topic. In fundraising events, the purpose of the lecture is to convince people and show that the subject matter of the event is worth donating. For a speech to be as convincing as possible, the speaker must have basic information about convincing others:
- Focus on the final outcome of your talk as you prepare to speak. All parts of the talk should focus on the ultimate goal of your persuasive topic.
- Communicate with and understand your audience. Begin your talk by finding common ground between you and your audience, and use humor or other possible similarities. People are more inclined to be like them.
- Choose words and phrases wisely. Focus on terms such as “independence”, “right”, “wrong” and “freedom” to have a strong emotional impact on the audience.
- Understand the connection between your persuasive topic and your audience. This connection can increase the audience’s enthusiasm for the subject of your speech and increase the importance of the speech in the eyes of the audience. This is especially important in speeches that are intended to persuade the audience to act quickly.
Characteristics of a successful speech
1. be yourself
According to Marcus Quentili (Roman philosopher and writer), a successful speech has two components: A speaker who speaks well and must show his “real” personality, that is, in the first place, he must know and tell the truth and 2. The speaker should not pretend or play anything while speaking.
2. Follow ethical principles
Showing the true character of the speaker is the moral nature of public speaking. Quentili prioritizes the moral nature of the speaker, and he believes that the speaker should be a person with a good personality and tell the truth.
Ethical principles, also called moral philosophy, are a branch of philosophy that seeks to systematize concepts of right and wrong behavior. The speaker must speak well and, in addition, be a person of good character. From the earliest days of the study of the power of speech and expression, moral principles have been of great importance. The speaker should not say anything to the contrary. He must live according to what he says. Good speech also means a fair speech in which eloquence, wisdom and goodness go hand in hand. Socrates, the Greek philosopher, says:
Evil deeds are the result of ignorance, and a person who knows what is really right does it automatically.
How can a speaker maintain his or her true character?
In general, most audiences respond better to public lectures that follow a natural yet broad model of dialogue between the speaker and the audience. In fact, public speaking is a conversation between you and your audience. Think of speech as a broader dialogue. When you present your lectures based on this model, you will find that some behaviors will lead to your greater success. These behaviors include:
a. Having interaction
It is better to speak directly to the audience. You need to imagine, at least mentally, your audience responding, asking, and approving or rejecting your statements. You should not get lost in the thread of your thoughts and ignore the thoughts of the audience. There should be an interaction or perception of debt between the audience and you (as a speaker).
B. Having eye contact
For Western audiences, eye contact is an important aspect of a successful speech. They expect the speaker to look them in the eye when speaking. In North America and Western Europe, eye contact has the same interpretation: expression of passion and honesty. In these countries, people who avoid eye contact when lecturing are viewed negatively and think that they are hiding something or do not have enough self-confidence. But in the Middle East, Africa, and especially Asia, eye contact is a form of disrespect and even militancy. In contrast, people with short eye contact are considered polite and respectful.
P. Pay attention to the sound
You need to speak naturally and at the same time loud enough for all the audience to hear your voice. Your voice needs to be clear to your audience so that they can understand your message. If you can not speak in a way that the audience can hear your voice clearly, try to improve pronunciation, stress, and emphasis in your speech.
ت. Utilization of EmoShareh
You are not an actor and you should not play a role; Instead, you should use signage in a way that everyone can see. Emotions are a form of nonverbal communication in which observable physical behaviors convey specific messages to the audience. Sometimes these messages are conveyed only through these physical gestures and gestures, and sometimes the gestures are used alongside the words and their parallels. Imagination involves movements of the hands, face, or other parts of the body. Nowadays, conversational speakers (unlike the old school speakers who focused more on technique than concept) try to have natural movements based on their speech. As a conversational speaker, you should not use planned or constant gestures to make a significant impact on your audience. In addition, you should avoid any movement that is due to nervousness or habit; Because these gestures can distract the audience from the intended message.
3. Consider the requirements for lectures
Intimate speech or conversation with the audience does not mean that you should always be informal or that your words should not be serious. There are different degrees of formality on different occasions. The audience will judge you; Therefore, you need to adjust the type of clothing, body posture, and choice of words to suit the formal or informal nature of the occasion. A successful speaker is a really honest person and receives a good response from the audience.