Aloe vera is usually grown as one of the houseplants and has many fans, because the gel in its leaves soothes the skin; Of course, some people are sensitive to it. It is interesting to know that aloe vera is the most widely used succulent or fleshy plant in the world. The use of this plant is thousands of years old. In this article, we will talk about the maintenance of the aloe vera plant.
There are more than 300 species of aloe vera in the world; But the species that is most commonly grown as a houseplant is Aloe Barbadensis Miller. This plant has thick and juicy leaves that are filled with watery gel. The leaves grow from the base of the plant and have serrated edges with flexible spines. This succulent plant grows fast and takes 3 to 4 years to mature.
Aloe vera flowers appear on long stems in yellow, red or orange colors. Younger plants do not flower at all, and in growing aloe vera as a houseplant, it may take years to produce a flower stalk.
Scientific characteristics of aloe vera
Common name: Aloevera
Category: Succulents (carnivorous or succulent plants)
Adult plant size: 1 to 2 feet (about 30 to 61 cm)
The amount of light received: Indirect sunlight
Soil type: شنی
Soil pH: 7.0 to 8.5
Flowering time: Summer
Flower color: Yellow, red or orange
Resistance areas: 10-12 (USDA)
Native area: Africa and the Arabian Peninsula
Toxicity: It is only slightly toxic to humans; But it is completely toxic to pets and livestock.
Types of aloe vera
Before providing the necessary tips for planting aloe vera, let’s examine the types of species of this beautiful plant:
- Aloe vera (Aloe Ciliaris): It has bright orange tubular flowers;
- Aloe vera acolita (Aloe Aculeata): This type is prickly and has lemon-colored leaves;
- Polyophilic aloe (Aloe Polyphylla): This plant has a large, egg-shaped shape and has green leaves with a purple tip.
- Aloe vera (Aloe Brevifolia): This plant is known as short leaf aloe vera. It is round and its leaves are blue, which turn pink or golden in the sun.
Care and maintenance of the aloe vera plant
Because aloe vera needs sandy or gravelly soil, it is best kept with other succulents (carnivorous plants) with similar needs when grown outdoors. Potted aloe vera grows well in greenhouses and patios and is good for burns and bites.
the light Suitable for the maintenance of the aloe vera plant
When planting aloe vera, keep in mind that this plant should be in a place that is exposed to indirect sunlight. Direct sunlight may burn the delicate skin. Of course, this plant needs a lot of light, and if it is not exposed to light, its leaves will bend.
Soil suitable for storing aloe vera
Aloe vera soil should be well drained. In its natural habitat, aloe vera generally grows on slopes to ensure good drainage. To ensure drainage in the pot, you can use cactus pot soil or mix some perlite or coarse sand with the soil and use it.
Enough water To maintain the aloe vera plant
To irrigate aloe vera, you should note that aloe vera plants store water in their thick leaves and thick roots and filaments. Aloe vera copes well with drought; But it is better to water regularly. If the plant stays dry for long periods of time, its leaves become scaly. Prolonged stress, severe drought, and excessive watering cause the leaves to turn yellow and die.
To maintain the aloe vera plant during the rainy season, do not give the plants extra water. Most aloe vera do not grow in winter and do not need water at all; Provided they have received enough water during the growing season. If your city has a rainy winter climate, it is best to plant your plants in sand or rocks. These materials allow water to escape. The soil must be completely dry before re-watering the plant.
Temperature and humidity Suitable for storing aloe vera
Aloe vera works best at 13 to 30 degrees Celsius (55 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit / 12 to 29 degrees Celsius). This plant can not tolerate cold and moisture; But it will also withstand up to 5 degrees Celsius (40 degrees Fahrenheit / 4 degrees Celsius).
Fertilizer To maintain the aloe vera plant
Aloe vera does not require high soil fertility. Feeding your houseplant 15 times a year in the spring should be enough for your plant. Do not fertilize the plant too much and do not fertilize the plant in the cold months (when the days are shorter); Because he is resting.
Suitable for storing aloe vera
If the outer leaves of the aloe vera plant have a brown tip, it is time to prune. Using clean pruning shears, you can decide to easily cut the damaged area of the leaf or prune the entire leaf close to the base of the plant. Pruning causes the plant to grow and bloom again.
Aloe vera attracts skin algae, bacteria and aphids. After watering the plant, wipe the leaves with a soft cloth. For pesticides, you can also mix a mixture of 1 tablespoon of insecticidal soap and 1 cup of isopropyl alcohol mixed with 1 cup of water. Spray this solution on the plant for 14 days (once every 3 days). Also, to get rid of the bugs, remove the infected tissue so that it does not spread to other parts of the plant.
Propagation and planting of aloe vera
Aloe vera is propagated by seeds; But you can cut each branch, make sure each piece has roots, and then plant the branches separately. Aloe vera has a relatively shallow root mechanism that spreads near the surface. When the plant has grown enough to need a pot replacement, plant it in a wider pot, not a deeper one.
Aloe vera plant maintenance in winter
Aloe vera can not stand the cold. If you live in a colder climate, you should adjust the room temperature to keep the aloe vera plant safe from damage. If you have aloe vera outdoors, you can cover the plant with a blanket or blanket to keep it warm when it freezes.
Is aloe vera poisonous?
Applying aloe vera topically on human skin is safe; Of course, some people are sensitive to it. However, humans, pets and animals should not eat its leaves.
Symptoms of poisoning
Humans may have stomach problems or, worse, kidney failure after eating aloe vera. In pets or animals, stomach upset, lethargy and diarrhea occur. If this happens, call your doctor or veterinarian immediately.
at the end
The leaves of the aloe vera plant turn orange or brown in the event of sunburn or environmental stress. As the plant grows, the leaves become large and full of gel; Therefore, the plant becomes heavy and needs a strong foundation. It is better to choose a strong and non-plastic pot from the beginning. Aloe vera works best in pots with at least one drain hole. Water should not remain in the pot and sometimes it must be drained. If you are thinking of planting aloe vera, remember the light and low water.
Do you plant and maintain flowers and plants? Have you ever considered planting aloe vera? If you have experience growing aloe vera and using its leaves, it is not bad to share it with us and other audiences.