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Orlistat tablets; How to use, side effects and important points of this slimming drug

Study guide




Orlistat pills under the brand names of Alli and Xenical are a type of slimming pill. This drug helps to lose weight by interfering with the process of absorption of some fats. How familiar are you with Orlistat tablets and their side effects? In this article, you will learn more about Orlistat pills, how to use it, side effects and important points of this slimming drug. Stay with us until the end of the article.

What is Orlistat Pills for?

Orlistat tablets belong to a group of drugs called lipase inhibitors. This medicine prevents the intestines from absorbing some of the fats in the food; As a result, these unabsorbed fats are excreted in the feces and the person loses weight.

Orlistat tablets are available in two forms: prescription and over-the-counter.

  • Both forms of this pill are used for slimming ordinary people and in addition to low-calorie and low-fat diet and regular exercise program.
  • Overweight people with high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol or heart disease With a doctor’s prescription They can use this medicine.

On the other hand, taking orlistat after weight loss helps people to prevent their weight from returning.

Important points before taking orlistat tablets

  • Orlistat is only used for overweight or obese adults.
  • From giving medicine to other people, especially people who Eating Disorders Have, avoid.
  • You should not use orlistat if you have a digestive disorder such as difficulty absorbing food.
  • If to orlistat or Any other medicine Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any allergies.
  • Orlistat is part of a complete treatment plan that includes diet, exercise and weight control.
  • Avoid high-fat foods. Eating high-fat foods in combination with orlistat can increase the risk of side effects on the stomach and intestines.
  • Follow your doctor’s prescription or instructions on the medicine and do not take more or less medicine for a longer period of time.
  • If from a drug like Cyclosporine Tell your doctor if you are having a weakened immune system. Take cyclosporine 2 hours before or after orlistat tablets.
  • Tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are taking or intend to take any prescription or over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, supplements and herbal products. These include diluents such as warfarin, diabetes medications such as glipizide, glyburide, metformin and insulin, blood pressure medications, thyroid medications, and any weight-loss medication.
  • Talk to your doctor if you have an organ transplant or have cholestasis (a condition in which bile flow from the liver is blocked) or malabsorption syndrome (difficulty absorbing food). Your doctor may forbid you to take orlistat.
  • Tell your doctor if you have an eating disorder such as anorexia nervosa or bulimia, diabetes, kidney stones, inflammation of the pancreas, gallbladder or thyroid disease.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding, and do not use Orlistat tablets.

How to take Orlistat tablets

Orlistat is in the form of oral capsules, usually taken three times a day with main fat-rich meals. Of course, you can take orlistat with food or 1 hour after a meal.

If you do not want a main meal or your diet does not contain fat, you can skip a dose of orlistat. Read the medical information, medication guide and factory instructions and ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.

Dosage of orlistat

Obesity for adults

  • 120 mg orally, 3 times a day, with each main meal containing fat. The tablet should be taken with food or 1 hour after a meal.

For obese children (people older than 12 years)

  • 120 mg orally, 3 times a day, with each main meal containing fat. The tablet should be taken with food or 1 hour after a meal.

Forget the dose

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember; But if 1 hour has passed since your main meal, skip the missed dose and use the next doses as planned.

Avoid taking twice as much medicine to make up for a forgotten dose.

Misuse of orlistat pills

If you are taking medication or have symptoms of seizures, breathing problems or loss of consciousness, call the emergency number (115).

Proper diet when taking orlistat

Proper diet when taking orlistat tablets

Follow your doctor’s diet plan. You even need to divide the amount of fat, carbohydrates and protein in your diet between 3 meals. If you take orlistat with a high-fat diet (a diet that is more than 30% high in calories), you may experience side effects. As a result, you should avoid foods high in 30% fat when using orlistat.

It is also best to do the following:

  • Use vegetable oil for cooking.
  • Choose lean meats or remove chicken skin.
  • Replace whole milk products with low-fat dairy products.
  • Try to fill your plate with more grains, fruits and vegetables.
  • When using meat, poultry or fish, weigh 55 or 85 grams (about one palm) per serving.
  • Salad dressings, processed and prepared foods are usually high in fat. Try to use low-fat varieties or reduce the amount consumed; For example, if you eat 1,200 calories a day, you should not get more than 360 calories from fat.
Orlistat inhibits the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins and beta-carotene; Therefore, in addition to orlistat tablets, you should take daily multivitamins containing vitamin A (A), vitamin D (vitamin D), vitamin E (E), vitamin K (K) and beta-carotene.

You can take a multivitamin once a day and 2 hours before or after taking orlistat or at bedtime. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions about taking multivitamins.

Side effects of Orlistat tablets

The most common side effect of Orlistat is a change in bowel habits. This usually happens during the first week of treatment. However, it may continue with the use of orlistat. Tell your doctor if any of the following symptoms are severe or do not go away:

  • Headache;
  • Anxiety;
  • stomach ache;
  • Oily or large stools;
  • Increase the number of defecations;
  • Difficulty in controlling excretion;
  • Loose stools or an urgent need to defecate;
  • Pain or discomfort in Rectum;
  • Menstrual irregularities;
  • Flatulence with oily spots;
  • Greasy stains on underwear or clothing.

Some side effects can be serious. See your doctor right away if you have any of the following symptoms:

  • کهیر;
  • Boiling;
  • Itching;
  • Vomit;
  • nausea;
  • Decreased appetite;
  • Clear stool;
  • Dark urine;
  • Excessive thirst or weakness;
  • Difficulty breathing or swallowing;
  • Jaundice of the skin or eyes;
  • Severe or persistent stomach pain;
  • Pain in the upper and right side of the stomach;
  • Blood in the urine, difficulty urinating or painful urination;
  • Symptoms of kidney problems such as decreased or stopped urination, swelling of the feet or knees.
Orlistat tablets may have other side effects. Tell your doctor if you have any other problems during treatment with Orlistat.
Some people taking orlistat may have severe liver damage; But there is not enough information about the relationship between orlistat consumption and liver damage. Talk to your doctor about the risk of taking orlistat.

Drug Interaction Orlistat Pills

Drug Interaction Orlistat Pills

If you are taking any of the following medications, ask your doctor or pharmacist about drug interactions with orlistat:

  • Amiodarone;
  • Cyclosporine;
  • Insulin or oral diabetes medication;
  • HIV or AIDS drugs;
  • Vitamin E or beta-carotene supplement or vitamin;
  • Blood thinners such as warfarin, coumadin or jantevone;
  • Anticonvulsant medication (especially if your seizures get worse with taking orlistat).
This is not a complete list of drugs that may interact with orlistat. Talk to your doctor about all medications you are taking.

Use of orlistat tablets in certain situations

  • Even if you are overweight, losing weight during pregnancy is not recommended. If you are pregnant, stop taking orlistat and talk to your doctor.
  • During breastfeeding, do not use orlistat tablets without a doctor’s prescription. This medicine can make it harder for your baby to absorb certain vitamins.
  • Zenical brand is not recommended for people under 12 years old and organic pills for people under 18 years old.
  • If you are taking cyclosporine, you should not take cyclosporine tablets 3 hours before or after taking orlistat.
  • If you are taking levothyroxine tablets, you should not use levothyroxine 4 hours before or after taking orlistat.

important points

  • Continue consultation with your doctor.
  • Keep the medicine at room temperature away from heat, humidity and light and out of the reach of children.
  • Drugs that are not needed or expired drugs should be discarded so that animals, children and other people do not take them.
  • Make a list of all prescription and over-the-counter medications and products you take and show them to your doctor and pharmacist if necessary, especially in an emergency.
  • You should follow a regular physical activity or exercise program while taking Orlistat. However, consult your doctor before starting any new activity or exercise program. If you have any further questions on the use of Orlistat, ask your pharmacist.

Drug trade names in Iran

Here are some Orlistat trademarks Which is produced in Iran is as follows:

  • Zenovar capsule 120 mg made by Octovorco Pharmacy;
  • Xenolip 60 and 120 mg capsules made by Osweh Pharmacy;
  • Venostat 60 and 120 mg capsules made by Abu Reihan Pharmacy;
  • Xenostat 60 and 120 mg capsules made by Kimidaro Pharmacy;
  • Orlistat 60 and 120 mg capsules made by pharmacy, drug production;
  • Orlistat 60 and 120 mg capsules made by Farabi Pharmacy.

You say

What ideas do you have for fitness and maintaining a healthy weight? Have you ever used orlistat pills for weight loss or have you experienced side effects from taking orlistat pills? Do you think that using orlistat pills alone will have an effect on weight loss or should a low-calorie diet and exercise be used alongside it?

If you wish, you can share your experience and opinion with us in the comments section. Also, if those around you are thinking of using Orlistat pills for weight loss, we suggest you send this article to them through social media.

Warning! This article is for educational purposes only and you should consult your doctor or specialist to use it. more information

Source

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Orlistat tablets; How to use, side effects and important points of this slimming drug

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