Maybe we think that today, despite all kinds of modern lighting fixtures, what is the need for candles ?! But this old tool has long changed its capabilities and has become one of the most widely used decorative items in various ceremonies and even romantic dinners. You can make your own candle at home using a few simple steps and tricks at a low cost. In this comprehensive and practical article, we have answered your questions about making candles at home. Stay with us.
Although in the modern age it seems that women are more interested in candles than men, making candles is a completely masculine skill that dates back to thousands of years ago, especially in the Middle Ages when the chandelier and candle making business was vital for all walks of life.
Today, although candles are not necessary, candle lighting has become a romantic and soothing tradition. Maybe you only light candles when the power goes out; But it’s time to connect more with candles.
According to our studies, home candles each cost only a few thousand tomans and equally expensive candles smell good and burn well. Making candles at home is also a relatively easy project that does not take more than 2 hours.
There are several types of candles you can make, but we will focus on container candles first. Then we will explain how to make homemade wicks and more professional candles such as floating candles on the water. Container candles are the simplest type of candle; Because they do not need any other specialized template or tools. You can easily use an old glass or a few cheap glasses. In addition, you can put them in glass or other containers.
Ingredients for making candles
The cost of setting up this project is relatively cheap, and if you get your supplies ready, you can make cheap, very expensive candles.
To start making candles at home, you need some tools and tools:
- Container for melting wax;
- Candle container;
- Wooden spoon.
Wax is the heart of the candle. To make candles, there are 3 main types of wax. Let’s take a quick look at each:
Paraffin It is a traditional wax that has been used in standard candles for hundreds of years. In addition, it is still the most popular material for candles on the market. Paraffin is cheap and you can easily add your favorite colors and scents.
The use of soy wax began in the 90s. Soy wax is generally made with soybean oil; But sometimes it is mixed with paraffin and other waxes. Soy wax also easily accepts color and aroma.
Ordinary wax or natural wax
The oldest material for making beeswax is ordinary beeswax, which is produced by bees. In fact, wax candles have been found in the Great Pyramids of Egypt. Its color is naturally golden and it also has a delicate and sweet scent. It is obvious that ordinary wax is a completely natural product; But you can not add other perfumes to it. A natural scent interferes with anything you try to artificially add. Also, natural wax is usually the most expensive option.
A wick that is not thick enough can ruin your candle. Your main concern for the wick should be about its thickness. For container candles, you will need almost thick wicks. Since the diameter of your candle is probably a few inches, a thick wick is better. The length of the wick is not very important, because you can easily shorten it.
Without perfume, you only have a burning candle. It looks beautiful, but it does not have the pleasant scent of today’s candles. There are thousands of scents to choose from. You can enjoy these fragrances by searching the internet or buying perfumes.
4. Container for melting wax
If you wish, you can use a special container for making candles. You can also easily place the wax container in a pot of boiling water to melt it. There is no need to go The best kind of pot go.
5. Candle container
A variety of glassware and anything that resists heat can be used as a candle holder. You can buy different patterned jars or simply use an empty jam or sauce jar. It all depends on your taste.
With a thermometer you can quickly measure the temperature of the wax. When buying wax, especially waxes made for candles, be sure to follow the written instructions. These instructions are about the right temperature to add the perfume, the time to pour into the container, and so on.
7. Wooden spoon
Using a spatula or wooden spoon, shuffle the wax and crush the larger pieces. This whole process is the same for all types of waxes.
Steps of making candles at home
1. Prepare the work environment
Working with wax often makes the environment erratic; Especially when the wax melts, because the droplets may spill everywhere and clutter up the environment until the wax is dry and clean.
To prevent this from happening, as well as where to place the thermometer, wooden spoon, and other utensils, place several pieces of paper or paper towels around your workplace. Also prepare your glass and other utensils and wicks. Once started, the process will be a little faster than you initially expected.
2. Melt the wax
Melt the wax using a special container or pot and boiling water. To use a pot and boiling water, pour enough water into a lower, larger container and add some wax into a larger, lower container. Watching the wax melt is a lot of fun.
Stir the wax and break the large pieces with a spatula or wooden spoon. It only takes 10 to 15 minutes for the wax to melt. Be sure to monitor the temperature of the wax. This temperature should generally be around 76 degrees Celsius (between 160 and 170 degrees Fahrenheit). If it gets hotter, be sure to remove it from the heat.
3. Stick the wick to the material
While the wax is melting, stick the wick to the container. In some wicks, a small sticker is embedded at the bottom; But if you made the wick yourself or it doesn’t have a label, you can use this old trick:
4. Add aromatic oils and stir
After the wax is completely melted, add the aromatic oils you want. Each wax is different and each amount of wax requires different amounts of aromatic oil; Therefore, if you are buying a candle wax specifically, be sure to follow the instructions that came with it. If you buy wax that is not necessarily just for candles, for every pound of wax (453 grams), you can add 1 ounce (28 grams) of aromatic oil. Pour the scent into a wax container and stir for about 30 seconds to make sure it is evenly distributed.
5. Pour the wax into a bowl
After adding the perfume oil, let it cool for a few minutes. The ideal temperature for pouring wax in a container is about 54.5 to 60 degrees Celsius. With this temperature, the candle forms better. Note that it only takes a few minutes for the wax to reach this temperature; So keep an eye on your thermometer regularly. After the wax has cooled, pour it into a container. Hold a light holder on the wick to keep it in the center. If the wax is too hot, the wick may melt.
6. Fix the wick in the center of the dish
One of the most important steps in making a candle at home is fixing the wick in the center of the dish. The wick, while attached to the bottom of the container, may warp slightly in the liquid wax. A wick that is outside the center of your candle will not burn well in the future; So you have to fix the wick in the center. To do this, simply put a pen or pencil on top of the container and attach the wick to it. Then the wick should remain in place for several hours.
7. Wait for the candle to cool
As the wax cools, a hole is likely to form in the middle of the candle. Therefore, it is better to keep some wax in the first container to fill this hole with it. Allow the candle to cool for at least a few hours. It takes a long time for the wax to settle completely and you will see how much it takes to fill the hole. Of course, do not add too much wax; Because you may make another hole. Just fill in the depression and smooth the surface of the depression.
8. Shorten and fit the wick
You need to adjust the length of the wick. A wick that is too long burns badly and vibrates when it ignites. To prevent this from happening, you must shorten the length of the wick.
9. Cleaning the environment
You may be wondering how to clean wax droplets. There will definitely be some wax in the container, on your tool or on your desk. The best way to clean wax droplets is to wipe them with a paper towel while they are still liquid.
Making candles at home without a container
You may want the base of the candle to be wax itself and the candle to be without a container. To do this, you need to remove the candle from the container. It’s a little hard work and it takes a lot of patience and time.
Steps to remove the candle from the mold
- After pouring the wax into the container and the steps mentioned above, you should wait at least 3 hours for the wax to cool completely and harden;
- Turn the mold upside down and tap the back of the mold with your finger. The blows should be gentle and continuous. Keep doing this until you feel the wax is separating from the container (the candle may bounce out with these blows. Therefore, it is better to pay attention to the surface under the candle so that the candle does not crack or crack when it hits the surface firmly);
- Hitting a candle may not be enough. After tapping for a while, you can gently grab the candle wick and pull it out;
- If the candle resists again, you must cool it and strike again. To do this, wait for the candle and mold to reach room temperature. Then put the candle in the refrigerator for 30 minutes (you can put it in the freezer for 5 minutes). Then tap the back of the candle gently again;
- Finally, if cooling does not work, place the mold in a bowl of boiling water. Using pliers, pull out the candle. Of course, this should be the last resort, because the candle may change shape.
Making a floating candle on the water
To make these beautiful and natural candles Luxury candles, You must use a boat-shaped mold; That is, the end of the mold should have a larger surface than the beginning. You can easily use cupcake molds. Repeat all the above steps and pour the wax in the desired mold (of course, the mold must be pre-greased). After connecting the wick, wait for the candle to cool. Then take the candle out of the mold.
Making homemade wicks
With simple tools at home, you can make your own candle wick. In the following, we will explain the recipe for preparing candle wick.
- Some wax;
- Some linen yarn.
To make a candle wick, first cut the thread with the scissors to the required size. Then, melt the wax and soak the string in it. Finally, remove the string with pliers and let the wick cool. Once the wick has cooled, you can use it.
In this article, we have explained how to make candles at home step by step. If you have experience in making these fragrant and beautiful products, we would be happy for you to share your experience with us.