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Ibuprofen; From how to use to side effects

Study guide




Ibuprofen (branded Advil, Jenpril, Motrin, and Proprinal) is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug that reduces inflammation and pain by reducing hormones and inhibiting certain natural substances in the body. It is also used to reduce fever, pain, and inflammation caused by headaches, toothaches, back pain, menstrual cramps, muscle cramps, arthritis, and minor injuries. Follow us to the end of the article to learn more about the important points, how to use it, and the side effects of this drug.

Important points before taking ibuprofen

Do not take Ibuprofen, aspirin, or any other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) if you have an asthma attack or severe allergic reaction. If you have or have had any of the following conditions, talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking this medicine:

  • Asthma;
  • Gastric ulcer or bleeding;
  • Liver or kidney disease;
  • History of heart attack, stroke or blood clot;
  • Heart disease, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking;
  • Use aspirin to prevent heart attack or stroke.
Warning!

Do not use ibuprofen more than the prescribed dose. Use the least amount of medicine to relieve pain, swelling, or fever;
Ibuprofen may increase the risk of fatal heart attack and stroke. Do not use this medicine before or after heart bypass surgery;
Ibuprofen may cause bleeding in the stomach and intestines, which can be fatal. In some people, especially the elderly, these conditions may occur asymptomatically.

How to take ibuprofen

Follow your doctor’s instructions or medication. Also, use the least effective amount of medicine to treat the disease.

  • Do not lie down for 10 minutes after taking the medicine;
  • Chew ibuprofen chewable tablets before swallowing;
  • To reduce stomach ulcers, take it with food or milk;
  • The dose of this drug for children is determined based on the age and weight of the child;
  • For certain diseases (such as arthritis), the drug should be continued for up to 2 weeks to achieve the desired result;
  • The maximum amount of ibuprofen for adults is 800 mg per dose or 3200 mg per day (maximum 4 doses);
  • Shake the oral suspension of the drug before use and use special measuring cups to measure the dose;
  • If you are only taking ibuprofen for certain conditions, you should take ibuprofen as soon as the onset of pain symptoms for it to work properly. If you take the medicine at the peak of the pain, the medicine may not work well.

Forget the dose

If you are only taking ibuprofen when you need it, you may not have a specific schedule. Otherwise, if you are close to the next dose, skip the missed dose and avoid doubling the dose.

Drug abuse

In case of overdose with ibuprofen, call the emergency number (115). Symptoms of drug overdose include:

  • Vomit;
  • stomach ache;
  • Fainting or coma;
  • nausea;
  • Bloody cough;
  • Drowsiness;
  • Shallow breathing;
  • Black or bloody stools.

Side effects of ibuprofen

See an emergency room right away if you have symptoms of an allergic reaction to ibuprofen (hives, difficulty breathing, swelling of the face or throat) or severe skin reaction (fever, sore throat, eye irritation, skin pain or red or pink skin rash with blisters or scaling). do. See an emergency room right away if you have symptoms of a heart attack or stroke. These symptoms include the following:

  • Foot swelling;
  • Vague speech;
  • Feeling short of breath;
  • Numbness or sudden weakness in one side of the body;
  • Chest pain that spreads to the jaw and shoulders.

In the following cases, stop taking the medicine and see a doctor:

  • Change in vision;
  • Change in mood;
  • Swelling or rapid weight gain;
  • Stiffening of the neck for no reason;
  • Change in hearing (such as ringing in the ears);
  • Skin irritation (no matter how mild);
  • Shortness of breath (even a slight attempt to breathe);
  • Symptoms of gastric bleeding (including bloody or black stools, bloody cough, or coffee-colored vomit);
  • Anemia with symptoms such as pale skin, mild headache or shortness of breath, increased heart rate, difficulty concentrating;
  • Kidney problems with symptoms such as decreased or stopped urination, painful urination, swelling of the legs or knees, feeling tired or short of breath;
  • Liver problems with symptoms such as nausea, upper stomach pain, itching, tiredness, flu-like symptoms, loss of appetite, dark urine, muddy stools, jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes).

Common side effects of ibuprofen include:

  • Bleeding;
  • Dizziness, headache;
  • Diarrhea or constipation;
  • Nausea, vomiting, bloating.
Ibuprofen may increase your blood pressure. While taking the medicine, measure your blood pressure and if it is high, report the result to your doctor. Also, note that these are not all side effects of the drug. See your doctor if you have any other side effects.

Drug interaction of ibuprofen

Be sure to consult your doctor or pharmacist before taking ibuprofen with other medicines. These include the following:

  • Lithium;
  • Aliskiren;
  • Methotrexate;
  • Cyclosporine;
  • Steroid drugs (such as prednisone);
  • Angiotensin 2 inhibitors (losartan, valsartan);
  • Heart medications or blood pressure (such as diuretics or water pills);
  • Blood thinners (warfarin, coumadin, jantavin);
  • ACE inhibitors (captopril, lisinopril).

If you are taking aspirin to prevent a stroke or heart attack, this medicine may reduce the effect of aspirin. If you are going to take both medicines, take ibuprofen 8 hours before or 2 hours after the aspirin (non-intestinal coated form). These are not a complete list of medications, and other medications, including prescription, over-the-counter, vitamins, and herbal products, may interact with ibuprofen.

Ibuprofen use during pregnancy and lactation

During pregnancy, you should not use ibuprofen without your doctor’s permission. Taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in the last 20 weeks of pregnancy can cause serious heart or kidney problems in the fetus, and can also cause pregnancy complications. If your doctor prescribes this medicine for you, use the least effective amount of medicine. Also, you should not use it after 30 weeks of pregnancy. Ibuprofen passes through breast milk; But it does not seem to have any side effects for the infant. Talk to your doctor about taking ibuprofen during this time.

Do not give ibuprofen to children under 6 months without a doctor’s prescription.

important points

  • Do not share your medications with others;
  • Use ibuprofen only as prescribed;
  • Keep ibuprofen or any other medicine out of the reach of children;
  • Drink plenty of water with ibuprofen to prevent kidney problems;
  • See your doctor if your illness persists or gets worse with medication;
  • Keep the medicine at room temperature away from moisture and heat and do not freeze ibuprofen syrup;
  • Taking ibuprofen may increase your sensitivity to sunlight. Limit your time in the sun and avoid sunbathing. Also, wear sunscreen and sunglasses when leaving the house. See your doctor if you have sunburn or blisters and redness on your skin.

Ibuprofen brand names in Iran

Below, you can see some of the brand names of this drug in Iran:

  • Pearl Gelofen 400 mg Dana Pharmacy;
  • Tadafin Capsules 200 mg Tehran Drug;
  • Brupin tablets 400 mg Amin Pharmacy;
  • Ibuprofen tablets 400 mg pharmacy Saha;
  • Topical afirofen gel 5% Iran Avandfar Pharmacy;
  • Jellupin capsule 200 mg Jaber Bin Hayan Pharmacy;
  • Ibuprofen vial 400 mg / 4 ml Elixir Pharmacy;
  • Robofen topical gel 5% 5 mg Kish Medifarm Pharmacy;
  • Ibayofen-L 200 and 400 mg film-coated tablets of Bakhtar Shimi Pharmacy;
  • Ibuprofen suspension 100 mg in 5 ml Pharmaceutical Pharmacy.

You say

What do you use ibuprofen for? How long did you use ibuprofen to achieve the desired result? Have you ever experienced the side effects of the drug?. If you wish, you can write your experience and opinion in the “Send Comment” section. You can also send this article to your friends through social media to learn more about this anti-inflammatory drug.

Warning! This article is for educational purposes only and you should consult your doctor or specialist to use it. more information

Source

drugs

webmd

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