The conclusion of the speech is, in fact, a summary of the most important points raised in the speech that help the audience to remember them more easily. In other words, the role of the conclusion in the speech is to inform the audience that the speech is coming to an end and to guide the audience out of the hall with a positive feeling of attending a useful event by reminding them of the key points.
This may seem somewhat unnecessary to some; But it is clear that if you end your speech with no sign of ending it, you will unexpectedly confuse the audience; So be sure to consider a suitable ending for the audience.
The important thing is to always link your conclusion to the introduction. For example, you can use the same story or example you used to introduce or start a lecture to end it, thus making a gentle and memorable connection between the introduction and the conclusion. Many skilled speakers choose a clever closing sentence as the conclusion of the talk, and another group simultaneously refers to the topic discussed in the introduction and conclusion.
The end of your speech leaves the last lasting impression on the audience of everything you have said. Therefore, your conclusion is a great opportunity to consolidate the key components of the speech in the mind of the audience. Be sure to repeat the statement you made in your introduction; Emphasize the key points of your talk, and then relate the concepts of your talk to reality so that the audience can better see how these concepts work in the real world. Try to make abstract and intangible concepts understandable to the audience with tangible and real examples, so that after the speech, they feel that they have achieved a practical and positive achievement that can have a constructive and path-breaking effect in their lives.
By repeating your introduction, you create a bridge in the mind of the audience to the purpose and message of your speech. By announcing the end of your talk, you can be sure that your audience will leave the talk session with an overall positive feeling and will not feel confused. By emphasizing the main points, you will make sure that these points are always fresh in your audience’s memory.
Think of your conclusion as an opportunity to summarize the content of the talk. While your talk is undoubtedly well-summarized, effective, and well-organized, your audience may still not be fully aware or may not be able to understand a specific part of your speech. Your conclusion is a great opportunity to correct any misunderstandings about the content of your talk and to guide the audience out of the lecture hall with a correct and memorable understanding.
Abstracts express long ideas concisely and selectively; Your conclusion is a great place to summarize the key points of your talk. In this way, when the audience leaves the stage, the summary of the most important information from your speech stays fresh in their minds and will be a reference for future reminders. Attendees should take notes from your lecture session and share them with others in the future; Otherwise, your speech will be an ineffective event that will soon be forgotten and will not make the audience want to attend again in the future.
Summarize means summarizing complex or long ideas. In the context of speech, that is, briefly return to what you were talking about; In a way that is understandable and reminiscent of the audience. Summaries should be short and convey only the most essential ideas and information to the audience.
The best way to summarize ideas in your talk is to ask yourself the following key questions:
- What initial message do I want to convey in my speech?
- What are the most important points of my speech that convey this message?
- What do I want my audience to remember from my speech?
By answering these three key questions, you can write conclusions that effectively and concisely summarize the most important ideas in your talk.
It is important to always keep in mind your initial message when preparing a speech. Throughout the lecture, you should constantly link research results, case studies, and analyzes to the message of your talk; Conclusion is not outside this rule.
It is important to re-focus your speech on your conclusions. By summarizing the initial message of the talk, you are re-engaging the audience with the purpose of the talk and reminding them again why they should pay attention to what you are saying.
After reiterating your original message, it is important to summarize your main points. You have spent all your lectures focusing on these key points; So you have to summarize them in a clear and memorable way; Not to repeat it all over again. do not forget; The summary should be abstract and concise. List your main points clearly and relate them to the initial message of your talk. There is no need to re-describe them in detail or use an example; This has to be done in the body, and the conclusion is not a place for storytelling and guts.
What the audience remembers
Thinking about what you want your audience to remember from your talk is essential to writing an effective conclusion. You need to decide on the purpose of your talk: which is for educational purposes only; Either you are trying to persuade your audience to take certain action (such as funding or voting) or you are trying to teach them a skill.
Whatever the answer, it is essential that you make the last effort to reach a conclusion. You can easily summarize this idea in one or two sentences. You can even use the second person pronoun “you” to address the audience directly to instill your message in their minds. Use verbs that call for action: such as “go”; “Do it”; “Vote”; “Register” etc. that encourage the audience to take action.
Whatever you want the audience to remember from your talk, it is important to include it in the conclusion and summarize it; Without wanting to repeat the whole speech from the beginning.
Awareness of the end of the lecture and question and answer management
Announcing the end of your talk and the Q&A session thereafter are important steps that will keep your audience happy and enthusiastic.
Part of a successful conclusion is to comfort the audience at the end of the talk. If you end your speech suddenly, you may leave the listener feeling imperfect or in a hurry. You should finish your speech slowly; Such as slowing down a car; You should not suddenly step on the brakes.
Announcing the end of the lecture
There are several ways you can tell the audience that you are nearing the end of your talk. The simplest way is to use the words at the beginning of the conclusion, such as “finally”, “as a result” or “finally”, to announce the end directly to them. This way, they will be fully aware that the end of your talk is near.
Another good way is to announce the end by changing the tone. Humans naturally slow down and calm down at the end of each sentence or paragraph. By doing this, the audience will feel that you are nearing the end.
Once you have successfully completed your talk, it is often appropriate to suggest a question-and-answer session. In a Q&A session, you allow attendees to ask specific questions about the content of your talk so that you can answer them appropriately to make the discussion clearer.
Depending on the topic of your talk, this session may turn out to be hostile or confusing; So it’s important to know how to manage a Q&A session well.
Q&A session management
The first and most important way to avoid any moments of confusion during the Q&A session is to have a good grasp of the topic of your talk. There is nothing worse than asking a sensitive question and not knowing how to answer it.
While it is important to know as much as possible about the subject of your talk, it is certainly impossible to know everything, and even if you make every effort to prepare, you will always be asked a question that you cannot answer. If this happens, it is important that you do not panic. The best strategy is to have a number of political phrases in your pocket to keep up appearances. Some of these phrases are:
- “This issue was not raised in my research; “But I can research it and let you know the result.”
- “It’s a really good question; “In fact, this question was raised for me as well.”
These sentences are examples; You need to change the phrases to your style and subject matter.
What is important is that you have control over the question and answer session. As a speaker, you are responsible for facilitating this interaction; That is, you need to be aware of issues such as giving the audience a chance to ask a question, wasting time on a question, and avoiding hostility toward the audience.
Finally, do not forget that although the conclusion is the last work of your talk, the Q&A session will make it fresh in the minds of the audience. You have to make every effort to be aware and effective. Fortunately, the audience is asking questions; And this is a sign of their interest and enthusiasm for the subject. So, it’s your responsibility to keep them enthusiastic and to help them learn by answering their questions intelligently. The Q&A session is still part of your presentation; So continue your presentation the way you spoke; Do not become overly intimate or avoid bad habits such as breaking eye contact or speaking hastily.