Geographical language is a disease in which island-like appendages form on the surface and sides of the tongue; So that the language looks like a map. These islands have a rough appearance and sometimes their margins are white. If you want to know more about this strange disease and its causes and symptoms, stay with us until the end of the article.
What is a geographical language?
Naturally, on every healthy tongue, there are small finger-like sections called papillae that help us eat, swallow, and taste food. However, in the geographical language, these papillae disappear and are located behind the appendages or smooth, red patches. The growths are usually painless and safe and are not a sign of infection, cancer or other serious illnesses; But deformed spots may be a sign of inflammatory effects on the surface of the tongue.
Things you need to know
- Geographical language affects about 1 to 3% of people and occurs at any age; But it is more common in women and young people than in others.
- Mistakes are sometimes geographically called immigrant arrhythmias or migratory glossitis; But these two diseases are completely different. Acne mainly affects people with Lyme Disease.
- If maple-like spots develop on other parts of the mouth, such as under the tongue or soft palate, you may have another condition called migratory stomatitis. The disease also has signs and symptoms similar to geographical language; But the extras are distributed in sections other than the language.
Geographical language signs
Geographical language is not always accompanied by a sign. Some people do not notice changes in appearance and are diagnosed by a dentist or doctor. People who notice symptoms first see signs on the tongue. These signs and symptoms are obvious and often make it easy for the doctor to diagnose, which can include the following:
- Spots or appendages of different size and shape;
- Stains that form and disappear quickly;
- Mild discomfort or burning sensation on the tongue or in the mouth;
- Irregular, red island-like growths that are smooth and possibly sensitive;
- White or light edges that may be slightly raised at the margins;
- Sensitivity to certain substances such as cigarette smoke, mouthwash, toothpaste, sweets, sugar, and hot, spicy or acidic foods;
- Spots or appendages that seem to migrate and move from one part of the tongue to another within a few days or weeks.
Symptoms may appear within a few days and disappear within a few months. However, in some cases they may appear within a few months and disappear within a few years. The cause of the disease is not known in some people. It is also unclear who will experience the disease in the future.
The reason for creating the geographical language
The main reason for the creation of geographical language is not clear. However, two risk factors for the disease have been identified:
- Tracked language: Turkish language and geographical language diseases usually occur together. In Turkish, cracks and fissures appear on the surface of the tongue. These depressions are sometimes annoying and painful.
- Genetics: The disease can be passed from one generation to the next.
On the other hand, some people are more likely to get the disease than others. These people usually have a disease or condition that increases the risk of infection, which can include the following:
In this disease, many cells form on the surface of the skin. The abundance of skin cells can cause uneven, thick spots that are often itchy and uncomfortable. People with psoriasis are more likely to develop geographic language, and some experts believe that geographical language is the oral form of psoriasis.
Lichen planus disease
This inflammatory disease causes lesions and growths on the surface of the skin and inside the mouth. Geographical language can be the oral form of the disease.
Vitamin B (B) Deficiency
Low levels of vitamin B can cause inflammation, swelling and other symptoms on the tongue. People with vitamin B deficiency have most of the bare, papilla-free areas on the tongue and may develop a geographical tongue.
Pregnant women go through a lot of hormonal changes, and the growing fetus is nourished by the nutrients in the mother’s body. This can cause the mother to become deficient in vitamins and experience symptoms similar to geographic language during pregnancy.
Complications of geographical language
Geographical language is not a sign of a more serious illness and you should not worry about it spreading. Some people feel anxious or worried because of the unusual appearance of the language. However, the disease is not serious, common or contagious and is not transmitted by kissing or eating food together.
When should I see a doctor?
See your doctor if you notice abnormal growths on your tongue and have trouble breathing, difficulty speaking, or any difficulty swallowing or chewing. You may have a serious illness that is not a geographical language. Geographical language can be uncomfortable; But it is not a sign of a bigger or more serious disease. Most geographical symptoms go away in a few days without treatment.
Geographic language recognition
The disease of geographical language is very clear and the doctor can diagnose the disease by seeing you. However, to be sure, your doctor may perform other tests to rule out other conditions.
In this regard, your doctor may use a blood test to check for signs of inflammation, infection, and nutrient deficiencies. It may examine your mouth, throat, and tongue with a flashlight, and your salivary glands, fever, and other symptoms. Also, in rare cases, skin sampling may be done if the disease does not go away within a few weeks.
Geographical language treatment
Geographical language has no cure, and most appendages disappear within a few days or weeks. However, some treatments may reduce the symptoms of the disease, which can include the following:
- Prescription drugs: Your doctor may prescribe cuticle-steroid detergents to reduce inflammation. Mouthwashes containing some anesthetic or antihistamine reduce pain and inflammation in the mouth.
- Diet: Avoid that food if you experience more inflammation with certain foods. Spicy, acidic, salty and sweet foods usually cause inflammation or a burning sensation.
- Over-the-counter medications: Any pain or discomfort caused by excess can be relieved with over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen or naproxen sodium.
- Avoid flavored toothpaste: Toothpastes that have a lot of flavor or spicy cleansers may cause inflammation of the tongue.
- Use of vitamin B and zinc supplements (zinc).
A person with a geographical language can lead a normal life, and usually the appearance of the tongue and the slight discomfort that may occur are the biggest concern of these people. In most cases, the stains are removed without any intervention. Finally, no lifestyle changes are needed and there is nothing to prevent the disease. However, it is best to avoid acidic and spicy foods.
Stand in front of a mirror and look carefully at your tongue. Do you see anything like geographical language? Have you ever experienced this disease? You may have seen similar symptoms before, but did not know what the name was. If you have an experience or opinion about the geographical language, you can write to us in the “Send Comment” section. Also, reading this may be strange and new to many people; Those who have never heard the name of a geographical language. You can send this article to them through social networks and talk about it.
Other sources: mayoclinic