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Forgetting curve and its application in learning; Tips to increase the longevity of what has been learned

Study guide

The job of doing good is to fill. heard? Everyone says that in order to achieve great success and results, we must put in the effort and perseverance and work hard. The same is true of learning. Research has also been done on this subject. For example, a person named Abinghaus designed a special curve and named it the Oblivion Curve. His idea is to try, practice and repeat to learn. In this article, we want to tell you about his views on perseverance and the forgetting curve. This is an interesting topic. Join us.

What is the forgetting curve?

In 1885 (c. 1302), Hermann Ebbinghaus came up with an idea called the Oblivion Curve. The idea was to emphasize the importance of perseverance and repeated practice for better learning. To test the importance of repetition in learning, he compiled a set of less important lessons and materials and began to practice and read them over and over again.

What was the result? When he repeated and practiced the educational content many, many times, he became very fluent in them and it was no longer easy to forget them. Ebinghaus concluded that if we practice something over a period of time, we will both master different dimensions and the possibility of it escaping our brains will become less and less.

You might think that this idea is very clear and did not need to be studied at all; But it is not. In our time the value of practice and repetition for learning is clear. At the time, Ebbinghaus was one of the first to realize the importance of repetition in memory development.

The result of Abinghaus studies was a graph similar to the one above. In fact, he noticed that the information learned faded over time and devised a diagram for the process of forgetting information after learning. The forgetting curve diagram shows that information is exponentially erased from the mind over time.

What is the famous Abinghaus forgetting curve diagram?

The forgetting curve is also shown in the form of a diagram in which the experiments are placed on a horizontal axis (X-axis). Experiences also include the amount of effort and time spent learning. On the vertical axis (Eggerg axis) is learning, which includes performance and knowledge. This chart shows that learning becomes more and more with practice and perseverance.

After complete learning, 100% of the educational content remains in the mind. But naturally and moderately, this amount is constantly decreasing. For example, 20 minutes after learning, about 60% of the information learned remains in the mind, and this number reaches 30% and 25% after one day and one week, respectively.

Abinghaus forgetfulness curve diagram

Ebbinghaus realized that factors contributed to the decline of what was learned in the brain over time:

  • Power of memory;
  • The amount of time spent learning.

The power of memory

What do you remember most? Ebbinghaus believed that if the content that was learned and placed in the brain had a lot of relevance to the learner and was important to him, the retention in the brain would increase. In fact, if the content to be learned is relevant and relevant to the person, he will forget it later.

The amount of time spent learning

Research has shown that people forget 90% of what they learn during the first month. So time also affects the retention of what is learned.

The importance of the forgetting curve

Although the forgetting curve seems to be based on the right idea, experts are still researching learning and finding new ways to increase productivity in learning. It should be noted that people have a variety of learning methods. Some can achieve complete learning by listening, and some are visual; that is, their learning is shaped by looking.

Accordingly, various technology-oriented methods have been developed to help people learn better. Of course, it should be noted that if a way works in advance and is effective, it would be wise to use it. Repetitive training is also a good idea that works and we should look at it consistently.

Two important points in using the learning curve

This curve shows that on average, 90% of what we learn is forgotten in the first month of learning. This forgetfulness is the result of not repeating, not that we have not mastered the concepts and teachings well and have not learned them. There are two important things to keep in mind when using a forgetting curve. Two points that we will tell you in the following.

1. Practical practice is the key to memorizing what has been learned

After learning different things, there must be a way to put them into practice. Practice learning content that keeps them in mind and familiar with their various dimensions. Learning makes sense in practice and through objective practice. For example, in the field of e-learning and online education, exams, flashcards and practical training methods can help people learn better.

If we give the learner the opportunity to put the educational content into practice, he or she will definitely master the skills and knowledge better. Practicing in classrooms and using methods in which students can practice the knowledge learned is one of the most important points mentioned in using the learning curve.

۲. One does not learn anything at once

In the imaginary world, it is possible to teach something to someone once and they will learn all the twists and turns of the story without repetition and in the same first time. But in reality this is not the case. There is a need to integrate teaching methods to learn, and it is repetitive practice that makes it possible to keep educational information in mind.

So if you have a plan for learning or teaching, be sure to keep this in mind and do not underestimate the importance of the forgetting curve. These days, despite the variety of online training facilities and different ways to practice, there is no excuse for not doing enough in this area.

How do we stop the curve of forgetfulness and not let what we have learned be forgotten?

Now that we know how memory and the brain work, we need to roll up our sleeves and do something about it. what job? Here are some helpful tips to increase your memory retention time:

1. Regular and continuous practice

Abinghaus was well aware that if we wanted to memorize what we had learned for a longer period of time, we would need to practice it over and over again. The more times you practice, the less you learn. Therefore, in order to speed up your memory in learning, you should also increase the number of intervals when you practice repetition. It is with constant repetition that what is learned remains in working memory.

۲. Transparency of learnable content

In order to learn and memorize different things well, you need to make them clear. First of all, you need to know what your goal is to learn and what the subject matter is talking about. Then, with the help of charts, videos, and aids, make what you learn so clear that learning has nothing to do with it. Gamification means combining educational materials with games to help people learn better.

3. Be relevant to what you learn

The more you understand the relevance of the concepts to be learned, the easier it will be for you to learn. You need to know how your learning relates to your life and work. The better you understand the use of content, the more it learns and stays in your memory. For example, if the brain is convinced that what is being taught helps it to work or make its life easier, it will certainly welcome learning; Something that increases motivation to learn.

4. Availability of educational and training content

The easier the access to educational content, the greater the possibility of learning. If you have access to content and the ability to practice, the retention of content in your memory will increase. For example, if it is possible to periodize an educational file on mobile and tablet, you can practice and practice anywhere, for example, during traffic.

at the end

Recognize the curve of forgetfulness of other subjects and learnings. You now better understand why we sometimes feel that our learning is flawed. The fact is that most problems are solved through repeated practice. We just need to know how our brain and memory work to help them be productive by understanding their condition.






Forgetting curve and its application in learning; Tips to increase the longevity of what has been learned

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