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Everything you need to know about different types of blood thinners

Study guide




A blood thinner is used to help the blood flow in the arteries and veins of the body. This drug can prevent blood clots from forming and prevent them from growing. Blood thinners are life-saving for heart patients and strokes, but they can also be dangerous. In the following, we will explain the side effects of these types of drugs, their use, and their different names. Do not miss this article if you or those around you are taking blood thinners for your heart disease.

What is a blood thinner?

Blood thinners prevent clots from forming and can be used by pill or injection into a vein. Blood clots can block blood flow to the heart, lungs or brain, which can eventually lead to a stroke. If you have heart disease, such as coronary heart disease or an irregular heartbeat, your doctor may prescribe a blood thinner.

Of course, it is very important to pay attention to the amount of consumption. If you do not use this medicine enough, it will not work. Overdose can also lead to heavy bleeding.

Types of blood thinners and how they work

You should know that blood thinners literally dilute your blood they do not And also causes the clots to disappear They do not; But also these drugs They prevent the formation of new clots in the blood Or They slow down the growth of existing clots.

Some blood-thinning drugs lubricate the blood to prevent blood cells from sticking together in the arteries. Others prevent it from forming by increasing the time it takes for a blood clot to form. Accordingly, these drugs become two types of antiplatelets and anticoagulants.

1. Antiplatelet drugs

Antiplatelet drugs prevent the accumulation of blood cells (platelets) and the formation of clots. These include the following:

  • Aspirin;
  • Clopidogrel;
  • Dipyridamole;
  • Ticlopidine.

۲. Anticoagulants

Doctors usually prescribe anticoagulants for people with heart disease. Coagulation is a medical term meaning clot. These blood thinners prevent the blood from clotting by increasing the duration of blood clotting.

Anticoagulants can compete with the liver for the absorption of vitamin K. Your body needs this vitamin to make proteins called clotting factor. Of course, these types of drugs are weak and for prevention Clots are used, not treated. Some commonly used anticoagulants include:

  • Warfarin;
  • Enoxaparin;
  • Heparin.

There are also newer anticoagulants that pose a lower risk of bleeding:

  • Dabigatran;
  • Apixaban;
  • Rivaroxaban.

Your doctor should closely monitor the dose of your blood thinner. You may also be given a prothrombin (PT) test every once in a while for some medications. This blood test looks at the clotting time in your blood and compares it to the world standard.

Who is a blood thinner suitable for?

About 2 to 3 million people in the world use blood thinners every year. If someone has experienced a heart attack or stroke, taking these medications reduces the risk of recurrence. You may also need these medications if you have cardiovascular disease, irregular heart rhythms, lupus, or deep vein thrombosis.

It should be noted that people who are overweight or have recently had surgery or have an artificial heart valve, More They are prone to blood clots. Some people only need these medications for a few months; But if you have permanent health problems, you should use these drugs for a long time.

Side effects of blood thinners

Diluents can also have side effects. Severe bleeding is one of the most common side effects of this type of medication. This complication can occur with the following symptoms:

  • Heavy menstruation;
  • Blood in stool or bloody or discolored urine;
  • nose bleeding;
  • Bleeding gums;
  • Prolonged bleeding after cutting the skin.

Other side effects include:

  • Dizziness;
  • Muscle weakness;
  • hair loss;
  • کهیر.
Having a blood thinner in your body increases the risk of internal bleeding after injury. If you experience any of these symptoms after a fall or head injury, go to the hospital right away, even if you do not have external bleeding.

Your doctor may advise you to avoid multi-person, high-impact exercise to reduce the risk of bleeding. Of course, this does not mean that you do not have a normal life. Swimming, walking and running are good exercises for people taking blood thinners.

Tell your dentist that you are taking a blood thinner. By doing this, you can prevent heavy bleeding while brushing your teeth. You should also be careful with sharp tools such as scissors, knives or gardening tools.

Recognize food and drug interactions with blood thinners

There are foods, herbs and medicines that can interfere with your blood thinners. These substances may make your proper medication dose more effective or ineffective. Of course, not all diluents are affected by the same substances; So it is important to talk to your doctor or cardiologist about your diet and its effect on medication. In the following, we will become more familiar with these foods:

Vitamin k

Vitamin K and blood thinner

Vitamin K can reduce the effect of some anticoagulants, such as warfarin. Depending on the medication you are taking, you may still be able to eat foods that are low to moderate in vitamin K. However, it is important to avoid certain foods high in vitamin K, such as:

  • Cabbage;
  • Broccoli;
  • Asparagus;
  • Hazelnut cabbage;
  • Chicory;
  • Cabbage;
  • Lettuce;
  • Spinach;
  • Mustard leaves;
  • Turnip leaves.

Medicinal Plants

People taking anticoagulants should use herbal supplements and teas with caution. Many herbs interfere with the anticoagulant abilities of blood-thinning drugs. These herbs can also affect the risk of bleeding and the duration of your bleeding.

Consult your doctor before taking herbs, especially the following:

  • Baboon;
  • Echinacea or conifers;
  • Clove;
  • Evening primrose oil;
  • Dong quai;
  • شیرین‌بیان;
  • Gensing;
  • Ginkgo biloba or ancient;
  • Gold seal flower;
  • Willow bark.

Alcohol can also interact with diluents; So do not consume them.

medicines

Use your over-the-counter prescriptions and medications with caution. A number of antibiotics, antifungal drugs, painkillers and antacids can increase your risk of bleeding. It is important to know that medications such as birth control pills can also reduce the effectiveness of blood thinners and increase the risk of blood clots. Be sure to tell your doctor about your medications.

What are natural blood thinners?

Some foods and herbs act as natural blood thinners and can prevent clots from forming. Of course, consult your doctor before consuming these foods, as they can greatly dilute your blood.

Natural anticoagulants

  • Garlic;
  • Ginger;
  • Cabbage seeds;
  • Fennel seeds.

Foods high in vitamin E are also used as natural blood thinners. Many oils contain vitamin E, such as olive, corn, soybean and wheat oils. Other sources of this vitamin include:

  • Spinach;
  • tomato;
  • Mango;
  • Kiwi;
  • peanut butter;
  • Almond;
  • sunflower seed;
  • Broccoli.

These natural anticoagulants can be good for your heart function and health, but you should use them with caution.

Concluding remarks

Various diseases and complications may require blood thinners. These drugs play an important role in preventing clot formation and preventing its growth and need to be taken according to the doctor’s instructions. Due to the side effects and interactions mentioned, you can take care of your health with more knowledge and make the most of your medications.

Warning! This article is for educational purposes only and you should consult your doctor or specialist to use it. more information

Source

healthline

webmd

.



Everything you need to know about different types of blood thinners

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