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Everything about psychosomatic pain or psychosomatic disorder + Frequently Asked Questions

Study guide




Psychosomatic pain or psychosomatic disorder is a mental condition that causes physical symptoms, but in most cases has no medical cause. People with this disorder may be overly anxious and this can disrupt their lives. People with psychosomatic pain do not usually say they are mentally disturbed and believe that their problems are due to some kind of illness. They often turn to health care providers for tests and treatments, but most of the time they do not get results and this leads to frustration and unhappiness.

What is psychosomatic pain?

Psychosomatic pain is a condition that is caused by or exacerbated by emotional stress and manifests as physical pain and other symptoms in the body. Depression can also exacerbate psychosomatic pain, especially when the immune system is weakened by severe or chronic stress.

One common misconception is that all psychiatric pain is mental. But the truth is that the physical symptoms are psychotropic and need treatment like any other illness.

What is the difference between self-medication and psychiatric pain?

Self-morbidity is a type of anxiety disorder like psychotic pain, and you may think of them as one, but they are different. A person with a permanent autoimmune disorder is worried that they may have a serious illness and therefore spends a lot of time doing medical tests or reading about the symptoms of various illnesses. But a person with psychosomatic pain really has physical symptoms and experiences all the pain.

How do psychosomatic pains occur?

There are different types of stress, some of which can be positive. Positive stress (Eustress) makes life interesting and it is the feeling that makes you want to wake up in the morning and keeps you motivated. Just as you can feel the invigorating effects of good stress, the negative effects of bad stress also affect the mind and body. The cause of this complete disorder is not yet known, but researchers believe that stress and depression may be manifested in the form of pain and physical illness.

This process is complex, so we will try to explain it to you with an example. Think of the body as a pressure cooker. If you let the pressure cooker evaporate little by little, everything will be fine, but if it can not evaporate the steam, the pressure will increase and increase until you remove the lid. When the other container can no longer withstand the pressure, it suddenly bursts from its weakest point.

A person who is stressed and unable to vent his emotions and pour everything into himself, eventually reaches the point of emotional breakdown that manifests itself in the form of physical symptoms.

What are the symptoms of psychosomatic pain?

In addition to the physical symptoms themselves (such as stomach pain or discomfort), a person with a psychosomatic disorder may experience the following symptoms:

  • Anger or irritability (because he believes his medical needs are not being met);
  • Depression or anxiety;
  • Frequent visits to health care providers;
  • Frequent changing of the treating physician;
  • Problems at work, school or in the community.

How do psychosomatic pains affect the body?

Experts have not yet determined the exact cause of this disorder, but some believe that stress releases chemicals and hormones in the body that cause damage or dysfunction. Psychosomatic disorder can affect any part of the body. Common examples are:

  • Fatigue;
  • insomnia;
  • Pain such as muscle aches or back pain;
  • High blood pressure;
  • Shortness of breath;
  • Indigestion (stomach upset);
  • Headache and migraine;
  • Erectile dysfunction (impotence);
  • Skin rash (dermatitis);
  • Ulcers.

Diagnosis of psychosomatic pain

When you see a doctor with physical symptoms, he or she will usually seek a physical explanation for your pain first. Diagnosis and treatment may be difficult if there is no obvious physical reason for him to be able to test it easily. When your doctor can not find a clear physical cause (such as injury or infection) for your pain, he or she may ask you about your inner feelings.

A health care provider can begin diagnosing a psychosomatic disorder based on the following:

  • Individual medical history;
  • Physical examination;
  • Some negative results in experiments.

To diagnose psychosomatic disorder, a person must have the following:

  • One or more signs of annoyance or disruption of daily life;
  • History of these symptoms for at least 6 months;
  • Constant worry or anxiety about symptoms.

What is the treatment for psychosomatic pain?

Your doctor may ask you to talk to a mental health professional, but that does not mean that your physical symptoms only need psychological treatment. Learning effective stress management is important, but it often takes time. Until then, physical pain and other symptoms should be treated, for example, if a person feels pain in the neck, learning to deal with stressful stimuli can certainly prevent it from happening, but the pain is not only in his mind and the physical pain must be treated as well. . Stress can cause the body to produce chemicals that, for example, irritate the neck muscles. The person may need anti-inflammatory drugs or other treatments such as massage and physiotherapy to control the pain.

Several treatments will be helpful for people with psychiatric pain, such as:

  • cognitive behavioral therapy;
  • Drugs such as antidepressants;
  • Mindfulness-based therapy;
  • Referral to a mental health professional (eg psychiatrist or psychologist).

Prevention of psychosomatic pain

Stress reduction and management strategies may help prevent this problem or reduce physical symptoms, such as:

  • Regular exercise;
  • enough sleep;
  • Maintain a healthy diet and weight;
  • Meditation practice;
  • Be realistic about different issues;
  • Limit alcohol consumption and refrain from smoking;
  • Set limits to reduce pressure and stress.

Frequently Asked Questions About Mental Pain

How do I know if my physical symptoms are the same as my mental pain?

Common symptoms of psychosomatic pain include:

  • numb;
  • Dizziness;
  • Chest pain;
  • Weight Loss;
  • Persistent cough;
  • Shortness of breath;
  • insomnia.

How many of these symptoms do you have? If you have had these symptoms for at least 6 months, you can say you have the disorder.

Who is most at risk for psychosomatic pain?

Anyone at any age can get this disorder. Studies have shown that some things may make people more exposed, for example:

  • Irregular lifestyle;
  • Difficulty in recognizing and expressing emotions;
  • History of sexual abuse;
  • Mental conditions such as depression or personality disorders;
  • Substance abuse (such as alcoholism);
  • Unemployment.

Is psychosomatic pain treatable?

Everyone suffers from a variety of physical ailments due to stress. Physical illnesses caused by psychological factors can be treated in different ways. Of course, this disease can be completely cured only if the cause of stress is determined.

How common is psychosomatic pain disorder?

It affects about 5 to 7 percent of people for unknown reasons, and women are about 10 times more likely to get it than men.

Concluding remarks

Once you know when you are stressed and identify the sources of stress in your life, the next step is to learn the coping mechanisms. One of the first and most important points is to avoid suppressing your emotions. The stress that lies in your body comes out like steam. The best course of action is to not let stress get you down and explode, and find a controlled way to relieve it.

Warning! This article is for educational purposes only and you need to consult your doctor or specialist to use it. more information

Source

my.clevelandclinic.

verywellmind

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Everything about psychosomatic pain or psychosomatic disorder + Frequently Asked Questions

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