“Organ donation is the gift of life.” Perhaps this phrase, which we have heard many times, is the best description of this human action. There are still many misconceptions about organ donation, which we will answer below and review some misconceptions.
What is organ donation and organ transplantation?
Organ donation is a process in which an organ or tissue is removed from the body of one person (organ donor) and implanted into the body of another person (organ recipient). Transplantation is a necessary surgical procedure because the target organ in the recipient is disabled or injured due to illness or injury.
Organ transplantation is one of the great advances in modern medicine. Unfortunately, the need for organ donors is much greater than for people who donate organs.
Frequently Asked Questions About Organ Donation
There are many questions about organ donation. Knowing the exact answers to some of these questions will help people make easier decisions about donating organs to their loved ones. Here are some common questions about organ donation.
1. Which organs and tissues of the body can be transplanted and donated?
Organs and connective tissues are:
- Middle ear;
- bone marrow;
- Heart valves;
- Connective tissues.
۲. Who can be a member donor?
Individuals of any age can be potential donors. When a person dies, they are evaluated for organ donation based on their medical history and age. It is the responsibility of the medical team to determine whether a person is physically fit to donate an organ.
3. Does organ donation destroy the donor’s body?
Removal of body organs, tissues and eyes is performed with precise surgery under the supervision of specialists. The donor’s family can hold their traditional funeral without any problems.
4. Can a living person donate an organ?
It is possible to donate a kidney or part of a liver from one living person to another. Before performing any transplant or donation procedure, the donor should be checked for health and doctors should make sure that there is no problem with this organ donation.
5. Do the family of the person who received the organ and the person who donated the organ meet?
The identities of both parties remain confidential due to problems that may arise, such as emotional issues affecting the deceased family or requesting money from the recipient family.
6. Is having an organ donation card enough or is family consent also required?
According to the law of Iran and many other countries in the world, the consent of the family is not necessary for organ donation. However, due to the possible consequences of organ donation without family consent, family consent is required for organ donation, and despite having a donation card, organ donation will not be performed if family members do not consent.
7. Given the need for family consent, why should we get an organ donation card?
The Organ Donation Card tells your family and loved ones what your heart desires. Having this card makes it easier for family members to make decisions. In addition, getting this card and informing others about it is a kind of culture-building to promote this humane act.
8. Should the organ donation card always be with the person?
No, it is not necessary. Your information is registered in the system as a person wishing to donate a member and is easily available to transplant donor units.
9. Who donates organs to patients and on what basis?
The rules for allocating organs for donation in Iran are based on valid international laws and its compliance with Iranian conditions. The list of those in need of organ transplants is prepared in the Transplant Management Center of the Ministry of Health and Medical Education, and at the time of donation, organ allocation is done only by this center.
For organ allocation, factors such as blood type, inclusion date, patient need, and body size are considered.
10. What are the rules for organ donation in Iran?
The organ transplant law was approved in 2000. According to this law, hospitals that have the ability to perform transplants, after receiving permission from the Ministry of Health, can perform organ transplants from a person who has been diagnosed with brain death, provided the will of the deceased or the consent of the deceased, for a person in need of an organ. Give.
Here are some things to know about this law and its notes:
- Experts in public university hospitals must confirm the patient’s brain death. These experts are appointed by the order of the Ministry of Health for a period of 4 years. Confirmation of brain death is performed in the presence of 4 specialists, including a neurosurgeon, an internal medicine specialist, an anesthesiologist and a neurologist.
- The consent of the deceased must be notified in writing.
- The necessary coordination for organ transplantation is the responsibility of the Center for Transplant Management and Special Diseases of the Ministry of Health, Treatment and Medical Education.
۱۱. How can I get a donation card?
By referring to Organ donation site You can register to receive a donation card and express your satisfaction with doing this humanitarian work.
Misconceptions about organ donation
Thousands of people around the world are waiting for an organ transplant; Those who can survive with a family transplant and continue living with their family, but die without a family transplant. At the same time, many people have the opportunity to donate an organ, but the number of people who do this or the remnants of brain-dead patients who are satisfied with donating their beloved organ is much smaller.
The decision to donate an organ is a generous decision that can save the lives of several people and bring them back into the arms of the family. But this decision is not always the responsibility of the donor. If someone does not have an organ donation card and the family is not aware of their decision, family members may not apply for organ donation.
Sometimes misconceptions about organ donation prevent people from agreeing to donate their loved ones. Here are some of these misconceptions.
1. If I volunteer, the medical staff will not do their best to save my life
When you go to the hospital for treatment of any disease, doctors and medical staff focus on saving your life and health. They will take the best care of you and make sure they do not ignore you to save another person’s life.
۲. I may still be alive when the death certificate is issued
You may have read in newspapers and on social media that people have been resurrected after their deaths have been confirmed. That is, a mistake was made in diagnosing their death. But in reality no one is resurrected after death. People who apply for organ donation go through more tests to check their medical condition to make sure they are really dead. Four specialist physicians must also separately confirm the patient’s brain death, and if all four physicians agree, the person’s brain death will be confirmed.
3. Organ donation contradicts my religious beliefs
Organ donation is a human act that does not contradict most of the world’s religions. These religions are:
- Roman Catholicism;
- Most branches of Judaism;
- Most types of Protestants.
If you are unsure about this, you can consult a religious missionary to walk this human path with complete confidence.
4. I am under 18 years old and I am too young for this decision
In this case, you can first consult with your family and share your heartfelt satisfaction and desire with them. Keep in mind that children, including patients, need transplants and usually need smaller organs.
5. It is not possible to see the face of the deceased at the funeral
Organ donation will not harm your loved one. Organ donors are treated with respect and care, and there will be no signs of organ donation in the body of the deceased.
6. I am too old to donate organs and my organs are not suitable for donation
There is no age limit for organ donation. Decisions about organ donation are made based on medical criteria and organ health assessment and have nothing to do with the age of the donor. Let doctors decide if your body parts are suitable for transplantation. Do not assume that old age will cause your organs to become useless.
7. I want to donate my kidneys, but I can only donate to family members
It does not matter if the recipient is a relative or not. Organ donation is based on medical criteria. Many tests will be performed on you when you decide to donate your kidney. Different criteria must match the body of the recipient in your body.
Your kidneys should be in good condition for transplantation, and you should carefully consider whether you can continue to live a normal life after organ donation. Also, before transplanting a member, you should get complete information about all the possible risks of this operation.
8. Wealthy or famous people are given priority to receive donated members
Wealthy or famous people do not have priority to receive donated members. In allocating donated organs for transplantation, the economic status and reputation of the individual are not taken into account. All decisions are made based on medical issues and the needs of the individual.
The person in charge of allocating organs for transplantation in the Ministry of Health and Medical Education is the only person who has access to the list of patients in need of transplantation. This allocation is based on the priority of logging in, matching blood type and other medical factors and no other person is involved.
Why should we donate our organs?
Now that you are aware of these misconceptions, you may be considering applying for a membership donation card. But you may not yet know why you should do this.
By donating organs or body tissues, you can save the lives of 75 people after death or make life easier for them. Many people lose their lives every day because of a transplant. Many families who have lost loved ones and donated their organs admit that knowing that their loved one has saved many lives after death helps them to cope more easily with their loss.
Also, if you have a specific and rare blood type, you should think about organ donation the most, because for some blood groups, a suitable organ is usually found to be difficult to transplant or it takes so long to find that the patient in need of an organ dies.
According to the website of the Iranian Organ Donation Association, there are currently about 25,000 people waiting for organ transplants in Iran, and one person is added to the waiting list every ten minutes. Each person with brain death can save the lives of eight others.
Every 2 hours, one of the patients waiting for an organ transplant dies. With the generosity and kindness of many organ donors, one person receives a vital organ every 12 hours and returns to normal life.
All these statistics show how important organ transplantation is and what pleasant results this humanitarian work entails, and it frees countless families from the grip of the pain and grief of losing a loved one.
What do you think about this?