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Equestrian; From history and premiums to common expenses

Study guide

Equestrianism is a combination of sport, art and skill. The basics and principles of equestrianism are the same all over the world, and with a few practice sessions you can learn the basic skills of horseback riding and steering. If you love horseback riding and would like to experience this fascinating sport and entertainment, here’s how to stay with it.

Equestrian history

In the modern world, the horse is not the main means of transportation, but in ancient times, the horse was the most important means of intercity transportation, participation in wars and cargo. Today, equestrianism has become an attractive and enjoyable sport. Even if you do not know riding at all, you can experience it by visiting equestrian learning centers.

At present, equestrian and related jobs and sports are a multi-billion dollar industry that attracts athletes and horse breeders from all over the world. Horses and humans, however, have a long history, although no one knows where or when horses were first domesticated and ridden by humans.

The history of using horse-like animals for riding dates back to about 50 million years ago and an animal called Hyracotherium, which is native to North America. However, the ancestors of horses disappeared in the Americas 10,000 years ago.

According to credible evidence, horsemanship began around 4,500 BC. There are paintings of horses that date back to about 3,000 BC. Engravings of horse-drawn chariots have also been found in caves dating back to the Bronze Age. The first history of equestrianism is recorded in Egyptian tombs in 1600 BC.

By 1600 BC, the Egyptians used horse-drawn carriages for transportation and war, but there is much debate about the first humans to ride horses. Some claim that Indian Brahmins were the first horsemen in history, while the Chinese claim that horses have existed since 4000 BC.

In the Middle Ages, the fifth to fifteenth centuries, horses were classified according to their use, not their breed.

Equestrian history in Iran

In Iran, there are cuneiform writings about horses, taming and raising them. There are carvings of horses on pottery obtained from the first civilizations of Iran, and historians consider the Achaemenid period to be the golden age of equestrianism and horse breeding in Iran. At that time, horses were used for various purposes:

  • the war;
  • sending letter;
  • Games such as polo and horse hunting;
  • Business goals.

Different styles of professional riding

Equestrianism has two main styles: English and Western.

The principles of both English and Western equestrian styles are similar, although their equipment and purpose are different. Western riding style originated in the mid-1600s in southwestern America and northern Mexico. This is the style in which cowboys used their horses for tasks such as keeping and collecting their cows.

English riding style originates from Europe. This style is considered the traditional method of equestrianism in which the rider communicates regularly with the horse. In this style, the appearance of the rider is very important and the saddle on the horse should be light and have a flat seat. You can choose any style you like for riding for recreational purposes.

What equestrian equipment do we need to get started?

The first step to start riding is to find centers that have equestrian training and provide you with the necessary facilities. If you are new, you need a place for equestrian, horse and trainer. You do not even have to buy equipment to get started and you can use the equipment available in these centers.

Buying horses and riding equipment is expensive, so you can start with renting horses and equipment. In addition to the high cost, you should have enough experience or get help from an informed person to buy horses and riding equipment. If you decide to go it cheap and risk the low bandwidth you are only fooling yourself.

1. Saddle

Saddle helps people of different sizes to sit on the horse and maintain their position to be comfortable for long distances. Saddles are designed in different shapes and sizes and choosing the right saddle is very important. When buying a saddle, you should pay attention to factors such as horse height, race, rider comfort and size.

Most novices start with standard, versatile saddles. There is a special saddle for any type of professional riding, but the versatile saddles are enough to learn the basics of riding.

۲. Saddlecloth

Before putting the saddle in place, they use a pad called a sweatshirt under the saddle. Horse sweatshirts are usually made of felt or cloud, which is covered with a cloth. This sweatshirt is necessary to prevent the saddle from slipping and falling, and the horse should be careful when preparing it.

3. Board

The leash is a means of guiding the horse. The trainer teaches how to use the leash to guide the horse. To buy a leash, you should also pay attention to the comfort and health of the horse. Sometimes it is necessary to try several reins for the horse to determine the best option.

To choose this tool should be guided by someone who has great skills in equestrian and horse breeding. A leash that is not selected correctly can damage the horse while riding. Of course, you do not want your hobbies to bother an innocent animal.

4. Horse cleaning and breeding equipment

Every rider who has a horse should take the time to trim and clean the horse. Brushing the horse’s skin and hair increases blood flow to the body and creates an intimate relationship between the horse and the rider. Before and after riding, you should prepare and treat the horse.

Horse care equipment usually includes the following items:

  • A comb for cleaning dirt and excess hair;
  • Thick bristle brush to remove mud and sticky contaminants;
  • Horse and tail comb made of metal or plastic;
  • Detergent to separate mud and dirt from horse venom;
  • A clean sponge or soft cloth to clean the horse’s nose and eyes and sweat after riding;
  • Scissors or a special shaver to cut the horse’s hair.

5. Professional equestrian clothing

Professional equestrian clothing

Every sport has its own clothes. For example, in sports such as equestrianism, it is possible for a rider to fall, and one of the most important parts of clothing is a helmet. The boot is for another part of the equestrian suit that has a flat sole and heels.

Jodhpur pants are part of equestrian clothing. These pants were originally designed for equestrianism in India, but gradually found their way into women’s fashion. These pants are wide and crocheted from the waist to the knees and are narrower from the knees. With this feature, the rider has enough freedom of action to shake the leg and the hem of the pants does not prevent him from moving.

Equestrian shirts should have sleeves to prevent sunburn. In addition, it must be of a sex that allows the skin to breathe. If your hand is injured by grabbing the leash, you can also get professional riding gloves.

Equestrian preparations

1. getting on

  • Hold the leash in your left hand;
  • Hold the shoulder, horse mane or saddle horn with the left hand and the back of the saddle with the right hand;
  • Put your left foot on the pedal;
  • Lift yourself up and rotate your right foot on the back of the horse.
Be careful not to hit the horse’s body while riding, as this will cause the horse to move. It is best to ask someone to help hold the horse while riding.

۲. Use the leash to guide the horse

Pull the leashes up and hold them at the same length while holding them in the center of the horse’s neck. The reins are actually like the “steering wheel” of a horse. To turn left, pull the reins to the left. The pressure exerted by the leash on the horse’s mouth causes the animal to rotate in the direction you are guiding it.

When you are new, it is important to follow your coach’s instructions. Horse riding techniques are complex and require a lot of practice. Learn these tips from an experienced rider.

3. Get the horse moving

Make the horse move by gently pressing the leg to the side of the horse. Most horses also respond to verbal instructions, and you should ask the horse trainer for these verbal instructions.

Remember that in the learning process, there is a possibility of falling off the horse. If you do not want to fall, do not ride a horse. You have to accept this fact and always wear a helmet. Even falling from small horses can do a lot of damage to the trainee, so heed your coach’s warnings.

4. Outdoor riding

As a beginner rider, you should avoid obstacles such as fences, tree branches or steep areas. Riding a horse requires balance and concentration and becomes easier with practice. Try to keep the horse under control and beware of anything that might cause the horse to panic or retreat. Start riding exercises outdoors and away from any obstacles.

Tips for beginners

Equestrian for beginners

Getting started with horseback riding is fun and exciting, but here are some tips to keep in mind:

  • Wear a special helmet every time you ride a horse.
  • Sit up straight and bring your shoulders back.
  • Be sure to train with an experienced trainer and do not ride a horse without training and supervision of a trainer.
  • Ride a horse that is trained and tailored to your level of experience.

How much does riding cost?

Equestrianism is one of the most expensive pastimes and sports, but its excitement and charm have made it very popular recently.

For horseback riding you can go to equestrian clubs and use the facilities such as land and horses in the complex. You can also buy or rent equestrian equipment yourself.

To participate in equestrian training courses, depending on the facilities of the club and its geographical location, you must spend about 1 million tomans or more for every 10 training sessions.

Equestrian courses are usually graded by level. Introductory courses start from 1 million Tomans and advanced courses increase in price up to 3 million Tomans.

If you have passed the training courses, you can attend one-on-one meetings in the equestrian clubs and use the facilities of the complex for an hour. The cost of these sessions, depending on the facilities and location of the club, is an average of 100,000 tomans per hour.

With the exception of saddles, harnesses, and horses available at equestrian clubs, you will need to make your own set of equipment. The average price of these devices is as follows:

Equestrian boots

From 1 million and 300 thousand tomans to 2 million tomans

Equestrian boot

From 300 thousand tomans to 1 million tomans

Equestrian pants

1 to 2 million tomans

Equestrian vest and dress

800 thousand to 1 million tomans


2 million tomans

Most equestrian equipment is imported and exchange rate influenced. In addition, the variety of products and brands is very large, and this makes it impossible to determine the exact price of the necessary equestrian equipment. But in total, to start riding, you should consider 5 million tomans to buy equipment and about 2 to 3 million tomans for basic training.

You say

If you have riding experience and information about costs and conditions, please share your experience with other equestrian enthusiasts in the comments section.

Warning! This article is for educational purposes only and you need to consult your doctor or specialist to use it. more information






Equestrian; From history and premiums to common expenses

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