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Developmental disorders in children; Symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment

Study guide




Developmental disorders in children occur when a child gains a lot less weight than other children of the same age. Babies or children with developmental disabilities appear to be much smaller or shorter than other children of the same age. There are many factors that can cause this disorder, but most of the time the lack of nutrients and calories is the main cause. Children from families with problems such as poverty and stress are at higher risk for the disorder. In this article we will talk in detail about developmental disorders in children and its symptoms and causes. Please stay with us until the end.

What are the symptoms of developmental disorders in children?

Symptoms may be slightly different in each baby or toddler, but in general these symptoms include:

  • Weight disproportionate to the age of the child;
  • Height disproportionate to the age of the child;
  • Irritability;
  • Fatigue;
  • Excessive drowsiness;
  • Lack of age-appropriate social reactions such as smiling;
  • Delay in motor changes (motor development);
  • Learning and behavioral problems in older children.

What are the causes of developmental disorders in children?

There are several factors that can cause growth retardation in children, the most important of which are discussed below.

1. Not getting enough calories

Sometimes a baby’s parent or nurse mistakenly measures or mixes formula, so the baby does not get enough calories. Problems with breastfeeding or starting solid foods can also cause the baby to stunt. Some families also have difficulty providing enough food for their children, and this is the cause of their child’s developmental disorders.

۲. Malnutrition of the child

Some children do not eat enough. This may be due to growth retardation or diseases that affect swallowing, such as cerebral palsy or cleft palate, or it may be due to a condition such as autism.

3. Gastrointestinal problems

Problems with the baby’s digestive system can prevent him from gaining weight. Many things can make it harder for children to absorb enough nutrients and calories to gain weight, such as:

  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GER);
  • Chronic diarrhea;
  • Cystic fibrosis;
  • Chronic liver disease;
  • Celiac disease.

4. Food intolerance

Food intolerance means that the body is sensitive to certain foods, such as milk protein intolerance, which means that the body can not absorb foods such as yogurt and cheese. This prevents the necessary nutrients from reaching the baby’s body and eventually leads to growth retardation.

5. Chronic Diseases

Children with diseases such as heart disease, lung disease or endocrine system may need more calories than other children. If this extra calorie is not provided, the growth of the child will be disrupted.

6. Infection

When a child’s body is infected, the body burns a lot of calories to fight the infection and will need more calories than normal.

7. Metabolic disorders

These disorders make it difficult for the body to break down or absorb food or get energy from it. They may also cause the child to eat poorly or vomit.

How is developmental disorder diagnosed in children?

Many babies and children may not gain enough weight in short periods. This can happen to any child and is not a cause for concern, but if the child does not gain enough weight over a long period of time, the doctor will try to find out why. The doctor will review the child’s health history, including his or her nutritional status, and will look for malnutrition, home stress or nutritional problems.

The doctor measures the child’s weight, height, and head circumference at each visit and plots the results on a growth chart. If the child weighs less than his peers or does not gain weight as he should, it means that he has a developmental disorder. Your doctor may order tests such as a blood test or a urine test to check for conditions that affect your baby’s weight and growth.

A nutritionist or health care professional may also assess the calories in your child’s diet to make sure your child is getting enough calories.

How is developmental disorder treated in children?

Treatment for this disorder depends on the child’s symptoms, age, and general health, as well as the cause of the developmental delay. Here are some common types of treatment.

  • Growth retardation due to nutritional factors can be overcome by educating parents to determine a balanced diet.
  • If psychosocial factors are involved, treatment should include improving family dynamics and living conditions. Parents’ attitudes and behaviors may need to be examined. In many cases, the child may need to be hospitalized first to receive a comprehensive medical, behavioral, and psychosocial treatment plan.
  • Sometimes a child may need a nutritionist, physiotherapist and geneticist in addition to seeing a health care provider.
Warning: Remember to never give supplements to your child without consulting your doctor.

What are the possible consequences of developmental disorders in children?

A child with this disorder may have the following problems:

  • short;
  • behavioral problems;
  • Growth retardation;
  • Intellectual problems;
  • School problems.

Concluding remarks

Consult your doctor if you notice that your baby is having trouble eating or seems to be losing weight (or not gaining weight as it should). Early consultation with a doctor can reduce your fears and put your child on the path to health and proper nutrition. Timely treatment of the baby’s nutritional needs largely avoided this problem.

Do you have any experience or opinion about developmental disorders in children? If you have any information or questions in this regard, please share it with us and our other dear users in the comments section.

Warning! This article is for educational purposes only and you need to consult your doctor or specialist to use it. more information

Source

stanfordchildrens

hopkinsmedicine

kidshealth

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Developmental disorders in children; Symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment

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