Ciprofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic that affects a variety of bacterial infections. The names of the various drug brands include Cipro, Cipro XR, ProQuin XR. In the past, this drug was used to treat plague and anthrax. Currently, it should only be used in infections where less risky antibiotics are not effective against the disease. In the following, you will get acquainted with other uses of this drug and read the details of its side effects.
Ciprofloxacin and how it works
Ciprofloxacin can cure many bacterial infections. This drug, which belongs to the family of fluoroquinolone antibiotics, can stop the growth of bacteria and thus fight disease. You should know that this type of antibiotic only affects bacterial infections. Sperfloxacin should not be used for viral infections such as colds and flu.
Excessive or unnecessary use of this drug, like any other antibiotic, reduces its effectiveness. This drug, which is used only for adults, is available in the form of tablets, suspension solution and injection solution in different doses.
Bacterial infections that can be treated with this drug include the following:
- Acute sinusitis;
- Bone and joint infections;
- Acute prostatitis infection;
- Infectious diarrhea;
- Infection of the lower respiratory tract;
- Pneumonia transferred from hospital;
- Skin infections;
- Urinary tract infections;
- Urinary tract and cervical infections;
Important points before using ciprofloxacin
You should not take this medicine if you are allergic to the drug, or to other types of fluoroquinolones, such as levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, norfloxacin, and ofloxacin. Avoid taking ciprofloxacin if you are taking tizanidine.
Ciprofloxacin may cause swelling or rupture of tendons, especially the Achilles tendon in the heel. This may occur during treatment or for several months after taking the medicine. Tendon problems are more common in children, older adults, people taking steroids, and those who have had organ transplants.
Tell your doctor to make sure you are not taking ciprofloxacin safely:
- Osteoarthritis or tendon, bone or joint problems (especially in children);
- Diabetes or low blood sugar;
- Nervous system problems;
- Stroke or circulatory problem;
- Heart problem or heart attack;
- Muscle weakness or myasthenia gravis (a type of muscle paralysis);
- Kidney or liver disease;
- Seizures, head injury or malignant tumor;
- Difficulty swallowing pills;
- QQ Syndrome (in yourself or in a family member);
- Deficiency of potassium in the blood.
Do not give this medicine to children without consulting a doctor. The effect of the drug on the fetus is not yet known; Be sure to tell your doctor if you are pregnant. You should not breast-feed while taking ciprofloxacin for up to two days after taking the medicine. If you are taking this medicine to treat urticaria, ask your doctor to continue breastfeeding.
How to take ciprofloxacin
Take this medicine exactly as your doctor advised. Read all the instructions written on the medicine label and its instructions. This medicine should be taken regularly at certain times of the day, with or without food.
Shake the oral suspension syrup for 15 seconds before measuring the dose. Use a syringe or drug-measuring device to measure the dose. The suspension of this drug should not be given through a feeding tube.
Swallow ciprofloxacin tablets whole and do not crush, chew or break. Drink plenty of water while taking the medicine.
Even if your symptoms go away quickly, take all the prescribed medication. If you do not get enough of this medicine, your risk of getting a drug-resistant infection increases. Do not share your medicine with others.
Ciprofloxacin should be stored at room temperature, away from moisture and heat. Do not allow the liquid form of this medicine to freeze. Discard unused medicine after 14 days.
Forget the dose
If you regularly use suspension tablets or syrup, take the medicine as soon as possible. If you have less than 6 hours left until your next dose, you can skip the missed dose.
If you are taking long-acting pills, take the medicine as soon as possible. If you have less than 8 hours left until your next dose, you can skip the missed dose.
Never take two doses at the same time.
Side effects of ciprofloxacin
If you have any symptoms of allergies to this medicine, such as hives, shortness of breath, inflammation of the face or throat, or severe skin reactions, such as fever, sore throat, eye irritation, skin pain, red or purple scabs that go away quickly. See a doctor.
Ciprofloxacin can have severe side effects; These include ligament problems, nerve damage (which can be permanent), severe changes in behavior or mood (even after taking a dose), and low blood sugar that can lead to coma.
If you experience these, stop taking the medicine immediately and call your doctor:
- Low blood sugar that is associated with symptoms of headache, hunger, irritability, dizziness, nausea, high heart rate and chills;
- Signs of damage to the nervous system characterized by symptoms of numbness, tingling, burning sensation in the hands, arms and legs;
- Serious changes in behavior or mood that include anxiety, confusion, confusion, pessimism, hallucinations, memory problems, difficulty concentrating or thinking about suicide;
- Symptoms of a torn ligament are characterized by severe pain, inflammation, bruising, stiffness, dryness, difficulty moving or the sound of a rupture or rupture in the joints.
In rare cases, sperfloxacin may damage the aortic artery, which is the heart’s main blood vessel. This injury can lead to dangerous bleeding or death. You should seek immediate medical attention if you experience persistent pain in your chest, abdomen or back.
You should also stop taking the medicine and tell your doctor if you experience any of the following:
- Severe abdominal pain, bloody or thin diarrhea;
- Rapid or rapid heartbeat, throbbing sensation in the chest, shortness of breath, sudden dizziness (feeling faint);
- Any skin irritation, regardless of its severity;
- Muscle weakness, difficulty breathing;
- Decreased or stopped urination;
- Jaundice (jaundice of the skin and eyes);
- Increased intracranial pressure, characterized by severe headache, ringing in the ears, dizziness, nausea, blurred vision, and pain in the back of the eye.
Common side effects of ciprofloxacin:
- Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain;
- Abnormal liver function.
Drug disorder with ciprofloxacin
Taking certain medications with ciprofloxacin may interfere with its function and reduce its effectiveness. If you are taking any of these medicines, take Ciprofloxacin 2 hours before or 6 hours after the other medicines.
- Stomach ulcer or antacids containing calcium, magnesium or aluminum, such as magnesium milk, malox, milanta, whole peptide, rolled and
- Didanosine or Videx powder or chewable;
- Vitamins or mineral supplements that include calcium, iron, magnesium, or zinc.
Tell your doctor about your other medications, especially:
- Clozapine, cyclosporine, methotrexate, probenecid, ropinirole, sildenafil or theophylline;
- Blood thinners (warfarin, coumadin, janton);
- Cardiac drugs, diuretics or diuretics;
- Oral diabetes medications;
- Products that contain caffeine;
- Medications to treat depression or illness;
- Steroid drugs (such as prednisone);
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen (Advil or Motrin), aspirin, naproxen, celecoxib, diclofenac, endomethacin, meloxicam, etc.
There are other medications that can interfere with ciprofloxacin, including prescription, over-the-counter medications, vitamins, and herbal remedies that should be reported to your doctor.
Do not take sperfloxacin with dairy products such as milk or yogurt, or juices with extra calcium. You can try these with your meals, but they should not be used alone when taking this medicine.
Antibiotics may cause diarrhea, which may be a sign of a new infection. If you have bloody or thin diarrhea, talk to your doctor before taking anti-diarrhea pills.
Ciprofloxacin may cause sunburn easily. Avoid sunlight and sunbathing. Wear sunscreen and protective clothing when you leave the house. Tell your doctor if you experience burning, redness, itching, pimples, or inflammation after being in the sun.
Make sure you respond to ciprofloxacin before driving or engaging in high-risk activities. Your reactions may be affected.
Use in pregnancy and lactation
Use in pregnancy is not usually recommended for quinolone-type drugs, although it is permissible if the person’s life is in danger. There is limited information on the use of ciprofloxacin, which indicates that it does not increase birth defects. Take this medicine with caution during pregnancy and if there are more benefits than side effects.
Sperfloxacin enters breast milk; It is not recommended to use it while breastfeeding.
Ciprofloxacin trade letters in Iran
The following are some of the commercial names of ciprofloxacin in Iran:
- Razosiprofloxacin 250 mg tablets from Razak Pharmaceutical Company;
- Ciproquinol 250 mg tablets from the pharmaceutical company;
- Ciproted tablets 250 mg mg from Tehran Daru Pharmaceutical Company;
- Samen ciprofloxacin vial 0.2 ۰۰ 100 ml from Samen Pharmaceutical Company;
- Info-luxaxine vial 200 mg / 100 ml from Ghazi Pharmaceutical Company;
- Ciprofloxacin Alborz Drug 500 mg tablets from Alborz Drug Pharmaceutical Company;
- Siprofact 500 mg tablets from Amin Pharmaceutical Company;
- Siprochem 500 mg tablets from Hakim Pharmaceutical Company;
- Ciprox vial 200 mg / 20 ml from Ronak Daru Pharmaceutical Company;
- Samen ciprofloxacin infusion 200 mg / 100 ml from Samen Pharmaceutical Company.