A red spot on the skin, also called a cherry angioma and a capillary or cherry hemangioma (Cherry Hemangioma), is a small, red skin appendage made up of small blood vessels or capillaries. Red spots usually appear on the trunk, arms, legs and shoulders. In the following, we describe the appearance and symptoms, the cause, the worrying signs and the available treatment methods to eliminate the red spot on the skin.
Appearance and signs of red spots on the skin
Red spots on the skin or cherry angiomas are usually bright red in color and are circular or oval. The size of these spots varies from small dots to appendages about a quarter of an inch in diameter. Some red spots are smooth and even around the skin, and some are slightly raised. With age, these moles become more prominent. Scratching, abrasion, or opening of red spots can cause them to bleed. Sometimes bleeding, swelling, and other symptoms of discomfort may occur.
Red spots are not always red and sometimes appear in different colors such as blue, purple or black. Usually, if we press on these spots, they will not turn white or colorless. These appendages appear anywhere on the body; But they are more common in the chest, abdomen and back. Usually a few red spots appear in groups. Red spots are usually hard, especially in the center.
Cause of red spots on the skin
The exact cause of red spots on the skin is not known; Therefore, it is not possible to say what the red spots on the body are. However, there may be a genetic factor that makes some people more susceptible. Some other risk factors include:
- Some medical conditions;
- Exposure to chemicals, especially bromide;
- Age. These moles usually appear after the age of 30 and their size and number increase with age (after the age of 40). The development of these noncancerous lesions in children is rare. A study found that more than 75% of people over the age of 75 have these moles.
Red spots on the skin and exposure to the burn
Some studies have shown that exposure to bromides can cause red spots on the skin. Bromine is a chemical element found in many substances such as cooking materials, prescription drugs and plastics. At present, there is little evidence to support this theory, and more research is needed.
A 2001 study was performed on two laboratory assistants who developed cherry angioma after exposure to bromine compounds. This study was performed on a very small sample group and was not a controlled study.
If you are in direct and prolonged contact with bromides, it is best to talk to your doctor about possible side effects. However, researchers have not confirmed a link between contact with bromine and cherry angioma.
Is having a red spot on your body a concern?
Red spots on the skin are usually not a concern, as these spots are usually harmless; But if you notice a sudden appearance of several moles and skin lesions, see your doctor, these lesions may be another type of angioma. Sometimes these lesions are spider angiomas, which are caused by damage or liver disease (although this condition is less common).
The appearance of red spots should remain constant over time. Doctors recommend that you go to a health center if the red spots are bleeding, annoying, or have changed in appearance (size, shape, or color). Bleeding or changes in the appearance of moles may be a sign of skin cancer. Your doctor may use a biopsy. Biopsy or biopsy means removing and examining a small sample of the affected area or the whole of it to diagnose or rule out other diseases.
Methods of treating red spots
Red spots usually do not need treatment, but you can get rid of them for cosmetic reasons. Of course, if these moles are in a place on the body that easily touches the surrounding objects and you experience frequent bleeding, it is better to remove them. You can use the following methods to remove red spots on the skin:
Electrocautery, also called electrocautery (a device used to electrocautery or burn tissue), is a method in which skin appendages are burned. Dermatologists often use this method for benign tumors, serious skin cancers, and precancerous lesions.
First, the doctor injects a local anesthetic. It then touches the mole tissue with an electric needle to destroy blood vessels and angiomas. The doctor then bandages the wound and it stays on until the wound heals. In this method, after the surgery, some discomfort is felt. This procedure usually leaves small white scars and scars.
Cold surgery is another common method of treating skin appendages that works by freezing tissue. In cold surgery, the mole is frozen with liquid nitrogen and the severe cold of the mole is eliminated. Cold surgery is a quick and relatively easy procedure.
In this procedure, the doctor sprays liquid nitrogen on the desired area or places it on the desired area with a medical swab. This causes the angioma to blister or peel off before it falls off. In some cases, the angioma becomes scaly before it is removed. You usually only need 1 session of cold surgery and the liquid nitrogen is sprayed in only about 10 seconds. The wound does not require much care. This treatment may be less effective than other methods.
3. Laser red spot removal
In this method, PDL (Pulsed Dye Laser) is used to remove red spots on the skin. PDL is a concentrated yellow laser that generates enough heat to remove the mole. The laser beam passes through the skin and is absorbed by the blood vessels of the angioma. After treatment, the angioma should disappear or turn gray or another dark color. The mole then disappears in 2 to 4 weeks.
Depending on the number of red spots, you will need 1 to 3 sessions of treatment. On average, each person needs 2 sessions of treatment to achieve the best results. After each session, you should see improvement in your red spots. Of course, the result of the treatment varies depending on the color of the skin. One session is usually enough to treat small moles. This surgery may cause a slight bruising that may last up to 10 days.
Laser red spot removal is a quick procedure that is done on an outpatient basis; That means you do not need to stay in the hospital overnight. For best results and minimal side effects, avoid sun exposure for about 4 weeks before laser treatment and 2 weeks after.
4. Shave Excision
In this surgery, the red spot is removed from the skin. Unlike other invasive surgeries, there is no needle or suture in the mole shaving method and the mole or appendage is not cut.
In this procedure, the lesion is cut or shaved on the skin. Your doctor will usually use a local anesthetic to reduce the pain. Of course, after the operation, there may be some pain and discomfort. This may cause scarring or scarring.
You may need follow-up and care for about 1 month after the initial treatment. Sometimes you need more than 1 treatment session to remove the moles. If a red spot on the skin is removed by any of these methods, scarring is not common, but it is possible.
6. Eliminate red spots on the skin at home
The doctor must confirm that the skin appendage is a skin angioma, not a lesion that needs to be examined more closely. In addition, shaving, cutting, burning, or freezing cherry angiomas at home can be very painful, and if done unprofessionally, can lead to skin infections or sores. Doctors are trained to remove skin appendages and do so in a sterile environment using sterile instruments.
If you want to remove cherry angioma for beauty, you should talk to your doctor about the options available. Some also claim that apple cider vinegar can be used to reduce or eliminate the use of apple cider vinegar, iodine or tea tree oil. However, there is no scientific evidence to support the effectiveness of these natural methods.
Similar skin appendages
Cherry angiomas can easily be confused with spider angiomas because spider angiomas, like cherry angiomas, have a reddish tinge. In spider angioma, however, distinct, reddish stretches extend from the red dot in the middle of the angioma. These branched strands are similar to spider webs. Another difference is that usually when the spider angioma is compressed, it turns white or pale.
Cherry angioma does not go away on its own, but it does not cause a problem. A red spot that has changed in size, shape, or color is always a concern and should be checked by a doctor or dermatologist. In general, the different methods of removing red spots are similar in terms of the amount of discomfort they cause and the effect. It is best to talk to your doctor about which method is best for you.
Keep in mind that these moles may come back after removing the cherry angioma. After the mole is removed, you should monitor the healing process and report any worsening or abnormal changes to your doctor.
Given the relatively high prevalence of red moles in people over the age of 30, you may also have such moles on your body and have even had mole removal surgery in the past. We are happy to share your opinions and experiences with us and your other friends.