What causes dark urine? It may be a harmless complication, but it can also be a serious illness. You may think you need to drink more water when you see dark urine, but dehydration is not the only cause of dark urine, and you should see a doctor if the problem persists. In the following, we will talk about the causes of darkening of urine color and its treatment options. Join us to learn about the dangerous types of dark urine.
What is dark urine?
When the color of urine is darker than the usual yellow or straw color, it is called dark urine. This dark urine can come in a variety of colors, but is usually brown, yellow, or red.
Urine is produced in the kidneys. When you eat food and fluids, they pass through your digestive system, their brain material enters your bloodstream, and eventually all the waste products are excreted and excreted in the urine.
Ideally, the urine should be light yellow. This means that the body is not dehydrated. Dark urine is usually caused by dehydration, but can also be a sign of excess and dangerous substances in the body. For example, dark brown urine can be a sign of liver disease. Bloody or red urine is also a sign of problems such as direct damage to the kidneys.
What diseases is dark urine a sign of?
The cause of dark urine can be one of the following:
- Water shortage;
- Bile obstruction;
- Bladder Cancer;
- Liver disease;
- kidney cancer;
- Pancreatic cancer;
- Side effects of blood thinners;
- kidney stone.
Excessive exercise can also cause dark urine. Heavy exercise can damage muscles and increase excretion in the body. This makes the color of the urine pink or soft.
The most common causes of dark urine
1. Less water
Dark urine is often a sign of dehydration, which usually has the following symptoms:
- Dry mouth and lips;
- Dizziness or weakness;
- Difficulty swallowing dry food;
Children, the elderly, and people with serious illnesses such as cancer are more likely to be dehydrated. Most of the time, this complication can be relieved by drinking clear liquids such as water or tea.
You should see your doctor if you have any of the following symptoms:
- Severe dry mouth and tongue;
- Poor heart rate;
- low blood pressure;
- Urinary incontinence or severe reduction.
۲. Consumption of food, drink or medicine
Foods and beverages may cause dark urine. Lips and blackberries can make urine red, and eating rhubarb can turn urine dark brown.
Some medications can also change the color of your urine to red, orange, blue, green, or brown.
3. Anemia caused by the destruction of red blood cells
Red blood cells form in the bone marrow. The body usually destroys old or defective red blood cells in the spleen. If too many red blood cells are destroyed by mistake, a person develops hemolytic anemia.
Common blood disorders, such as thalassemia or sickle cell anemia, can be the cause of this complication. It may also be due to the side effects of some medications or it may occur after a blood transfusion.
This type of anemia can have the following symptoms in addition to dark urine:
- heart beat;
- Jaundice (on skin and eyes);
- Enlargement of the liver or spleen.
In more severe cases, the following symptoms are also seen:
- Abdominal and back pain;
4. Urinary tract infection
Urinary tract infection can be the cause of dark urine and occurs when bacteria enter the bladder through the urethra. Women are more likely to get this condition and many people know it as a bladder infection or cystic infection.
Symptoms of a urinary tract infection include:
- Burning and pain when urinating;
- Feeling pain or pressure in the abdomen;
- Frequent urination;
- Turbid, dark or bloody urine.
5. Hepatitis C.
Hepatitis C virus can cause liver infection. The disease has few symptoms in its early stages and many people do not notice it until liver damage begins. Due to the effect of this disease on the purification of feces in the liver, this type of hepatitis can be the cause of dark urine.
These symptoms usually appear 2 to 6 months after infection with the virus:
- Muscle pain;
- joint’s pain;
- Nausea or loss of appetite;
- stomach ache;
- skin itching;
- Dark urine;
When should we see a doctor?
See your doctor if you see blood in your urine or dark urine that does not go away after drinking water. It is important to determine the cause of dark urine. If dark urine is accompanied by severe pain, especially in the lower back, the person may have kidney stones or a urinary tract infection.
Diagnosis of the cause of dark urine
If dark urine is not due to dehydration or side effects of the medication, the doctor should examine the person thoroughly, including a medical history, physical examination, and urine test.
In a urine test, some urine is tested in a laboratory for the underlying disease. The presence of the following is checked in the urine:
- sugar Loaf;
- White blood cell.
Ideally, the urine sample should be the first morning urine. This urine is more likely to show abnormalities because it is thicker. If the test is abnormal, more tests may be needed, such as a blood test or urine culture, which shows the type of bacteria in the urine.
Also, a blood count or CBC test and a complete metabolic test can show kidney or liver problems.
Prevention of dark urine
If the cause of dark urine is medication, they should continue to be taken and consult a doctor if they are concerned about the relationship between urine color and medications. Foods that darken urine can also be avoided.
If the cause of dark urine is dehydration, you should drink more water. At best, you should pass 3 glasses of urine daily and do this 4 to 6 times. Try to drink a glass of water when you wake up. You can also always have a large bottle of water with you to drink enough water. If your urine is very light and looks like water, it means that you have had enough or even a little too much water.
Most often the cause of dark urine is dehydration, the food you eat or one of your medications. In this case, your urine will return to its normal color after 2 to 3 days. However, if the urine is brown, red, or cloudy and does not return to a light straw color, medical examinations may be needed.