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Cause of blood vomiting, complications and ways to treat it

Study guide




Vomiting or involuntary hypertension is a complication that can occur in different age groups and for different reasons. It also has signs and symptoms that will vary from person to person depending on the factors mentioned. In the following, you will read more about this topic: what is the cause of bloody vomiting and what is the symptom of raising blood from the throat. Stay with us.

What is blood vomiting?

Bloody vomiting is more likely to occur when the body is trying to get rid of something harmful: something that can range from toxic substances such as alcohol to bacteria such as Salmonella.

Sometimes it is not clear what the symptoms of hypertension are and what the cause is. If vomiting is not treated, it can lead to dehydration or malnutrition.

What is the difference between severe vomiting and normal vomiting?

These two types of vomit are not very different in terms of texture and appearance. The main difference between the two is that in more severe vomiting, ejaculation occurs earlier and is more severe in the throat.

For adults, both types of vomiting can usually have the same cause; Of course, sometimes severe vomiting is a sign of a more chronic illness.

In summary, bloody vomiting can be different from normal vomiting in the following ways:

  • Vomiting is more severe and sudden;
  • Travels longer distances;
  • Occurs without warning or nausea.
Lifting, if it is fast and sudden, will take more distance from the mouth and body and will come out with more force. Sometimes what the patient raises in this situation is 30 cm or more From his body Will take distance. As a result, diseases that cause blood vomiting can be more contagious.
Headache, body aches and anorexia are common symptoms of high blood pressure in the throat.

Causes of vomiting blood in different age groups

a. children

Bloody vomiting in children is usually due to a complication called Pyloric stenosis. پیلور It is a muscle located at the junction between the stomach and small intestine.

The child will not be able to get enough food and fluids due to pyloric stenosis. In addition, as a result of this complication, there is a possibility of rapid dehydration of the child’s body; So getting medical help is very important for him in this situation.

Pyloric stenosis is much less common in adults.

Symptoms of pyloric stenosis (cause of vomiting in children)

A child with this complication raises it slightly after eating. This condition worsens over time and continues to increase after a few days with more intensity and strength.

A child in this condition, like other normal children, will not be able to urinate or defecate because they are not getting enough milk. Lack of water will make him more sleepy or less energetic.

The pediatrician may begin the diagnosis by touching the baby’s abdomen. She may ask questions about how to feed the baby and order ultrasound tests.

Treatment methods in children

The treatment of this disease is almost always done with surgery. With surgery, the distance between the stomach and the small intestine will increase, and milk or food will be able to pass through and be absorbed by the baby.

General anesthesia is performed before surgery. When the operation is completed, the child will be given painkillers and will gradually increase the amount of food he or she receives. Once eating is normal, it is time for the baby to take time off and go home.

Surgery for pyloric stenosis is a low-risk procedure and usually does not have long-term complications.

B. adults

If there is bloody vomiting, bleeding may have started somewhere in the esophagus, stomach, or the first part of the three small intestines (duodenum / duodenum).

The following is a summary of common causes of vomiting.

Do not use this list to diagnose the cause of your complication. Always see a doctor as a priority.

1. food poisoning

If food is not prepared properly or becomes contaminated with germs and germs, there is a possibility of food poisoning. There is a possibility of food poisoning with a virus, or with bacteria such as Salmonella, which is one of the causes of diarrhea and vomiting (gastroenteritis). There is also the possibility of contracting this complication with viruses such as neurovirus, which is especially contagious during the winter months.

2. Gastric or peptic ulcer:

Common causes of bloody vomiting

If you vomit blood and have some stomach pain, it may be due to a stomach ulcer or inflammation and inflammation of the stomach.

Bleeding occurs when a wound or inflammation damages one of the arteries.

3. Varicose veins / esophageal inflammation

Varicose veins, or inflammation of the esophagus, cause the arteries in the lower esophagus to enlarge. These arteries bleed, but they do not hurt.

Alcohol consumption often causes this complication.

If the therapist determines that this is the cause of the vomiting of blood, you should go to the nearest medical center as soon as possible.

4. Severe gastroesophageal reflux disease

Severe gastroesophageal reflux disease is a complication in which stomach acid rises and enters the esophagus.

The more severe the complication, the more likely it is that the lining of the esophagus will bleed.

5. Rupture of the esophagus

Normal vomiting, if it occurs repeatedly, can cause the lining of the esophagus to rupture. This complication will cause blood to vomit.

6. Swallowing blood

Sometimes swallowing blood is possible. Like when we go to a bloody paradise.

This condition can cause blood to form in the stool, and it can turn black and tarry.

7. Toxic substances

Chemotherapy drugs, morphine and alcohol are classified as toxic substances and can cause diarrhea and vomiting. In some cases, diarrhea or vomiting becomes severe and becomes bloody.

8. Some chronic diseases

There are some chronic conditions for which vomiting of blood may be a sign and should be referred to the nearest emergency room or general surgeon.

Less common causes of vomiting in adults

The following are less common causes of vomiting bleeding:

  • Swallowing toxic substances, Such as corrosive acids or arsenic;
  • Blood related complications, Such as a decrease in the number of blood platelets (Thrombocytopenia), Leukemia, فی hemophilia or anemia;
  • Esophageal or gastric cancerTwo types of cancer that are relatively rare, but are seen in some people over the age of 55 who have lost a lot of weight.

Complications of bloody vomiting

Complications of bloody vomiting

Bloody vomiting, for whatever reason, can itself cause side effects in the body:

1. Dehydration and malnutrition

This problem occurs when enough fluid or food is lost from the body.

2. Mallory-Weiss syndrome

In rare cases, vomiting of blood may cause a rupture of the lower esophagus. This complication is called Mallory-Weiss syndrome.

3. Suffocation

Swallowing bloody vomit can cause suffocation. On the other hand, the acidic gas emitted from vomiting can damage the lungs if inhaled.

A person who vomits while lying down should be moved to the side to prevent this. Vomiting should be cleared immediately and the mouth rinsed.

What to expect when seeing a doctor?

You should go to the nearest medical center as soon as you see the first signs of vomiting, unless the cause is obvious to your doctor (for example, swallowing blood that comes out due to bleeding).

Blood color will vary depending on different factors:

  • Vomiting blood may be bright red;
  • It is possible to see blood vessels with food in vomit;
  • Something like coffee beans may be seen in the vomit. This means that the blood stays in the stomach for several hours.
Keep some vomiting and show it to your surgeon or doctor. This way he will get a better understanding of your situation.

Physician examinations include blood tests and endoscopy. In an endoscopic examination, a long, narrow, flexible tube is inserted into the body with a camera attached to the head to view the patient’s gastrointestinal tract.

The doctor checks to see if blood is coming from the stomach or esophagus, or if the patient has a cough from the lungs and airways.

Treatments for vomiting, diarrhea and food poisoning

Food poisoning and its association with blood vomiting

There is currently no official treatment for food poisoning or diarrhea and vomiting. The only way for the patient to stay home is to feel better. Home remedies for these complications include:

  • Rest;
  • Excessive fluid intake;
  • Taking painkillers to reduce pain and fever;
  • Taking over-the-counter medicine to treat vomiting;
  • Taking over-the-counter medication for diarrhea;
  • Eat small amounts of solid foods such as rice;
  • Consumption of special fluid due to dehydration.
Biting ice cubes will help reduce dehydration and relieve the fever that occurs following these complications.

Diarrhea and vomiting can easily be passed from person to person. Therefore, the person with the disease should wash their hands regularly to prevent the spread of the complication. He should also refrain from contacting others for up to 48 hours after the symptoms have stopped.

Other symptoms of food poisoning include abdominal pain, loss of energy, and fever.

in the end

For anyone, regardless of age, raising is a solution to what is and should not be in the body, such as toxins or something similar. Now, whether it is bloody vomit or not. In any case, you should see your doctor and use the information provided only to further aid his diagnosis.

If you have feedback, suggestions or comments, share them in the “Post a Comment” section. We look forward to hearing from you.

Warning! This article is for educational purposes only and you should consult your doctor or specialist to use it. more information

Source

nhs

medicalnewstoday

.



Cause of blood vomiting, complications and ways to treat it

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